To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 09.
Events on November 09
Famous Birthdays on November 09
Quotes from Legendary
Sire, vou no longer has an army.
- Wilhelm Groener, German general, to the Emperor Wilhelm Il of Germany, 1918.
Historical News on November 09
Night of Terror in Germany
1938 The Jewish community in Germany endured a night of terror when Nazi thugs went on the rampage, attacking Jewish businesses, synagogues and property.
36 people were killed during the night, and 20,000 arrested; more than 7,000 shops were looted and 267 synagogues burnt down.
Dr Goebbels, Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, claimed that the violence was a “spontaneous reaction” to the assassination in Paris of Ernst von Rath, a German diplomat, by a young Polish Jew.
There is no doubt, however, that the pogrom was carried out on the instructions of the Gestapo.
A chilling development was the involvement of the “respectable” middle classes; fashionable women clapped as Jews were beaten by youths welding lead piping.
So that the insurance companies are not bankrupted by state hooliganism, the Nazis have declared their intention to confiscate insurance payouts and return them to the insurers.
The huge amount of glass broken has led to the night being dubbed “Kristallnacht”; replacement glass will have to be imported and paid for in foreign currency.
“They should have killed more Jews and broken less glass,” grumbled Hermann Goering. “
Israel Admits Vanunu Capture
1986 Israel admitted today that Atomic Energy Commission worker Mordechai Vanunu, 31, is in “lawful detention” in Haifa, but denies that he was kidnapped from the UK by Mossad.
On October 5 the London Sunday Times printed his revelations about Israel’s nuclear arsenal at the plant at Dimona, backed up with his photographs.
The Sunday Mirror had printed a photograph of Vanunu on September 28, and by September 30 he had disappeared; he never collected the money due to him from The Sunday Times.
One theory has it that he was lured from London by a “mystery blonde”, presumably a Mossad agent; another that he was shipped to Israel as diplomatic baggage in a crate.
In any event, there is no record of anyone holding a passport in his name leaving the UK.
Bonaparte Takes Reins of Power
1799 30-year-old Corsican General Napoleon Bonaparte became France’s new leader today. After a night of confusion – during which at one point he fainted in the crush – he emerged as First Consul and de facto head of government, supported by his brothers Joseph and Lucien and by Talleyrand.
Bonaparte’s rise to the top has been rapid, aided in part by luck and in part by his skill in negotiating the rocks and shoals of Revolutionary politics.
He made his name by his daring defeat of the British fleet at the Revolt of Toulon in 1793; he was jailed as a terrorist after the fall of Robespierre but soon released; his defence of the Tuileries against the mob in 1795 – administering “the whiff of grapeshot”, as he put it – made him the hero of Paris.
His exploits in Italy and Egypt – despite the shattering of his fleet by Admiral Nelson at Aboukir Bay last year – made him world-famous and instinct told him that now was a good time to return to France from Egypt; with luck he got through the British blockade.
Ironically, Corsica was only ceded to France by Genoa in 1768; had Bonaparte been born a year earlier he would not be French.
1988 The Pentagon took the wraps off the Air Force’s new attack plane today.
A sinister, all-black aircraft, the Lockheed F-117A employs the latest stealth technology – radar-absorbent materials and a “faceted” surface that deflects radar signals at odd angles.
The aircraft’s key feature is that it can supposedly arrive undetected over a target.
The Light Dies For Dylan Thomas
1953 “Do not go gentle into that good night.
Rage, rage against the dying of the light,” wrote Dylan Thomas to his father.
Today at the Chelsea Hotel in New York, where he has been on a lecture tour, the flamboyant Welsh bard went raging into that good night at the age of 39, dying of pneumonia brought on by alcoholism.
His heavy drinking and wild living are legendary.
Thomas’s Collected Poems were published last year.
His verse drama for radio, Under Milk Wood, is to be broadcast by the BBC next year.