November 10 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 10.

November 10

Events on November 10

1775 By resolution of the US Continental Congress, the raising of two battalions of men, to be known as the “Continental Marines”, is authorized to create a seaborne military police.

1913 Battersea elects the first coloured mayor in Britain, John Archer.

1914 The Australian cruiser Sydney sinks the German cruiser Emden off Sumatra.

1918 The German emperor Kaiser Wilhelm Il appears at the Dutch frontier having abdicated, leaving behind a country gripped by revolutionary fervour.

1928 Emperor Hirohito ascends the Japanese throne at the age of 27.

1952 The 77-year-old doctor philosopher Albert Schweitzer, who decided that he would devote the first 30 years of his life to himself and the rest to mankind, is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his humanitarian work in Africa.

2007 US author Norman Mailer, an innovator in the field of creative nonfiction in the 1960s and 1970s, died a month after having lung surgery in New York, aged 84.

Famous Birthdays on November 10

Martin Luther 1483, German religious reformer who began the Reformation.

François Couperin 1668, French composer and harpsichordist.

William Hogarth 1697, English painter and engraver famous for his series of cartoons The Rake’s Progress and Marriage a la Mode.

Sir Timothy Rice 1944, English lyricist and author, famous for theatre works with Andrew Lloyd Webber such as Evita.

Richard Burton 1925, British stage and screen actor who was twice married to Elizabeth Taylor and whose films include The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

Quotes from Legendary

This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning.

- Winston Churchill refers to the Battle for Egypt, 1942.

Historical News on November 10

Brezhnev is Dead

Brezhnev is dead on November 10
Brezhnev is dead

1982 Leonid Iyich Brezhnev, hard-faced old-guard Soviet leader for 18 years, died of a heart attack at the age of 75.

His years of power saw Russia achieve superpower status, and strategic parity with the USA, but also saw her exerting an ever-stronger grip on her satellites, most notably Czechoslovakia in 1968.

He was born in Dneprodzerzhinsk in the Ukraine, and studied as an engineer.

His political career was advanced by his relationship with his compatriot Nikita Khrushchev, who ironically Brezhnev toppled in 1964 to reach the top.

His state funeral in Red Square will be attended by statesmen and political leaders from 70 countries.

The new leader of the Soviet Union, only the fifth since 1917, is Yuri Andropov, former head of the KGB and a man adept at crushing dissent.

Flanders Carnage Halted - For Now

1917 British General Douglas Haig’s grandiose plan of smashing through the German lines and on to the Channel was finally abandoned today, after 156 days and anything up to 2,50,000 casualties – nobody will ever be quite sure of the exact number.

Canadian troops took control of Passchendaele Ridge and found themselves in possession of a few square miles of worthless swamp and a village which had almost ceased to exist.

The battle – the third on the Ypres Salient-started in June with the mining of the Messines Ridge (the tremors could be felt in Downing Street), but the wettest August in living memory turned the ground to a quagmire.

Allied troops were faced with the choice of paths under a constant barrage of fire from the Germans, or death by drowning in the mud.

The verdict of British Prime Minister Lloyd George is succinct: “The most grim, futile and bloody fight in the history of war”, the result of “stubborn and narrow egotism, unsurpassed among the records of disaster”.

Stanley Finds Livingstone

Stanley finds Livingstone on November 10
Stanley finds Livingstone

1871 “Doctor Livingstone, I presume?” were the first words spoken by Henry Morton Stanley to David Livingstone when Stanley tracked down the missing explorer and missionary to Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.

“Yes,” said the Doctor, lifting his cap slightly.

Livingstone, a 58-year-old Scot, is famous as the explorer of the Zambezi and discoverer of Victoria Falls, and as the first European to cross the continent from coast to coast.

His search for the sources of the Nile and Congo rivers has occupied him to the point of obsession for several years.

Stanley, also an explorer of some note, was commissioned to find Livingstone by James Gordon Bennett, proprietor of the New York Herald, although it is a moot point whether he was actually “missing” or merely out of reach.

Since receiving his orders in 1869 Stanley has found time to attend the opening of the Suez Canal, sail up the Nile, visit Jerusalem, Constantinople, the Crimea and Caspian, and travel through Persia to India, before setting out on his quest.

Whether it was a publicity stunt or not, Stanley’s arrival was timely indeed.

Doctor Livingstone had arrived at Ujiji a “living skeleton”, to find that the supplies set aside for his arrival had been sold off by the shereef (headman) of the village.

Berlin Wall Breached

1989 A million East Germans poured into West Berlin early today, free at last to leave their country without special permission.

Bulldozers made new holes in the 28-mile (45-km) Wall as the joyous crowd flooded the streets of West Berlin, drinking champagne and hooting car horns till dawn.

East German leader Egon Krenz appealed to his fellow citizens to stay, promising multi-party elections, freedom of speech and a new criminal code, but since the borders with Hungary and Czechoslovakia were opened 1,67,000 have already left.

On November 4, one million East Berliners marched for reform, gathering in Alexanderplatz, half a mile from the hated wall, shouting “Egon, here we come.”

Two days later, half a million marched in Leipzig.

It was the biggest show of opposition in East Germany since Soviet tanks crushed a workers’ revolt in 1953.

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