To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 11.
Events on November 11
Famous Birthdays on November 11
Quotes from Legendary
My life's work has been accomplished. I did all that I could.
- Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet statesman, 1991.
Historical News on November 11
Great War Ends
1918 After four years and 97 days the guns finally fell silent today.
In a carriage of Marshal Foch’s train in the Forest of Compiègne, Foch, General Weygand and British Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss accepted the German surrender from a civilian, Reichstag Deputy Matthias Erzberger, and two junior generals.
The German High Command had no intention of getting involved in surrender negotiations and stayed away.
The Armistice document requires Germany to hand over 5,000 heavy guns, 30,000 machine guns, 2,000 aircraft, all U-boats, 5,000 locomotives, 1,50,000 wagons and 5,000 lorries; the surface fleet will be interned; the Allies will occupy the Rhineland and the blockade of German seaports will remain in force.
The Kaiser abdicated and fled to Holland yesterday.
The number of lives lost in the War is thought to be around 9 million, with another 27 million injured.
The War has cost the Allies some $126 billion (£68.5 billion), the Central Powers $60 billion (£32.6 billion).
It has been the most destructive war the world has ever seen.
Nat Turner Hanged
1831 Nat Turner, the rebel slave, was hanged today in Jerusalem, Virginia. Turner, a 31-year-old of some education and a persuasive preacher, became convinced that he had been chosen by God to lead the slaves from bondage.
With five others he rose up on August 21 and killed his master, Joseph Turner, and family.
A growing band of rebels then marched on Jerusalem.
By August 23, at least 57 white men, women and children had been slaughtered.
A force of local men and militia hunted Turner’s band down in the next 24 hours, and the revolt was crushed.
Turner was caught six weeks later.
16 other men were hanged with him.
Hitler Arrested After Beerhall Putsch
1923 Adolf Hitler, leader of Bavaria’s National Socialist Party, was arrested today in the village of Essing, outside Munich.
Three nights ago the city’s largest beer hall, the Burgerbraukeller, was the scene of a meeting to be addressed by the State Commissioner of Bavaria, Gustav von Kahr, on the subject of “the moral justification for political leadership”.
Hardly had he started when the hall was invaded by large numbers of Hitler’s Brownshirts waving guns.
Hitler stood on a chair, fired a shot in the air, and shouted, “The National Revolution has begun.”
He enlisted General von Lossow, local Army commander, and Colonel von Seisser of the State Police to his cause.
His support evaporated over the next few days, however, and in a confrontation with police at the Royal Palace the man with whom he had linked arms was shot, whereupon he fled.
1940 The Willys-Overland Company launched its new general-purpose vehicle for the US Army today.
The four-wheel drive vehicle, named “Jeep” for GP (general purpose), is in competition with a similar prototype from the Ford Motor Company.
Trials will be carried out to decide which is to be selected.
Smith Declared UDI
1965 Ian Smith today declared Rhodesia an independent state, underlining his party’s opposition to sharing power with the black majority in the country.
Smith’s declaration brought condemnation from Black African and Commonwealth leaders as well as from the UN.
The British PM Harold Wilson has imposed trade sanctions and an oil embargo.
Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe, leaders of Rhodesia’s most prominent black nationalist organization, are both in jail.
2004 Yasser Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), has died at the age of 75.
A controversial figure, Arafat spent much of his life fighting Israel in the name of Palestinian self-determination.
His negotiations with the Israeli government to end the decades long conflict between it and the PLO earned him the Nobel Peace Prize.
He was buried at his battered compound in the West Bank town of Ramallah amid chaotic and emotional scenes.