November 12 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 12.

November 12

Events on November 12

1035 Death of Canute II, Danish King of England.

1859 French trapeze artist Jules Leotard made his debut at the Cirque d’Eté in Paris.

1865 Death of Mrs Elizabeth Gaskell, English writer whose works include the novel Cranford and a biography of her friend Charlotte Brontē.

1901 Gales swept Britain, killing 200 and capsizing many ships.

1903 Death of French Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro.

1905 The Russian occupation imposes martial law on Poland. 

1918 The House of Commons votes for a war loan of £700 million ($1,295 million), bringing British war debts to £7,100 million ($13,135 million).

1974 Karen Silkwood, who worked at the Kerr McGee nuclear fuel plant and was investigating irregularities there, dies in a mysterious car crash.

1988 In Sydney, West Indies cricket captain Viv Richards scores his 100th century.

1990 A demonstration in Paris by over 2,00,000 French schoolchildren demanding better education turns into a riot.

2001 260 people died in a passenger plane crash in New York.

Famous Birthdays on November 12

Auguste Rodin 1840, French sculptor whose realism in works such as his figures of a nude Victor Hugo and a dressing gown Balzac initially caused hostility.

Grace Kelly 1929, American actress who was arguably the most beautiful of her day and who went on to marry Prince Rainier of Monaco.

Neil Young 1945, Canadian singer-songwriter widely regarded as one of the most influential musicians of his generation.

Nadia Comaneci 1961, Romanian gymnast who won three Olympic gold medals at the age of 14.

Quotes from Legendary

I confess I did my best to accommodate as many women as I could.

- “Magic" Johnson, HIV positive US basketball star, 1991.

Historical News on November 12

Demonstration of New Anaesthetic

1847 The eminent obstetrician Sir James Simpson.

Professor of Midwifery at the University of Edinburgh, today gave the first public demonstration of a new anaesthetic.

Its chemical name is trichloromethane. but it is more popularly known as chloroform: Sir James claims that it has three times the potency of ether and will quickly supersede it for long operations, and, in particular for childbirth where its practicality and ease of administration give it great advantages.

The public trial immediately brought swift and vehement criticism from Scottish to Calvinists, who oppose all use of anaesthetics in childbirth but Sir James is not to be moved.

Tirpitz Sinks In Norway

1944 Tirpitz, the last survivor of Hitler’s formidable fleet of “unsinkable” battleships, is lying upside down on the bottom of Tromsø Fjord today.

She had been lurking in Norwegian waters for several years, forcing the Allies to allocate warships that were badly needed elsewhere to convoy protection duties.

Lancaster bombers of 617 Squadron, the famous Dambusters, sank her at the third attempt with direct hits from three 12,000-lb (5,500-kg) “Tallboy” bombs, dropped from 14,000 ft (4,500 m) right on to the decks of the Tirpitz.

Incredibly, a squadron of German fighters assigned to protect the ship did not even take off.

Over 1,000 of the ship’s crew were entombed below decks as she turned turtle.

Brothers Set Off For Australia

1919 Two Australian brothers, Captain Ross and Lieutenant Keith Smith, set off from Hounslow, Middlesex, today, in an attempt to make the first flight from the UK to Australia.

Their converted Vickers Vimy bomber, with its two Rolls Royce Eagle engines (the same type as that in which Alcock and Brown flew the Atlantic in June), must carry the Smiths and their two mechanics the 11,130 miles (17,912 km) to Darwin in less than 30 days.

Their planned route will take them through Cairo, Karachi, Calcutta, Bangkok and Singapore.

If they make it they will win the prize of £10,000 ($18,400) put up by the Australian government.

It is said that the registration of their aircraft, G-EAOU, stands for “God ‘elp All of Us”.

Lay Preacher Jailed

1660 John Bunyan of Elstow, Bedfordshire, was jailed today for preaching without a licence.

The authorities have undertaken to release him on condition that he gives up preaching.

Bunyan remains adamant on this score, however: “If you let me go today, I will preach again tomorrow,” he has declared.

The son of a tinker and goldsmith, 32-year-old Bunyan served in the Parliamentary army under Sir Samuel Luke.

After the war he became deeply interested in religion, studying the Bible at every opportunity.

He joined the new Baptist sect in 1653 after a period of inner religious struggle.

Preaching to the poor in the isolated rural villages around Bedford brought him into conflict with the Quakers.

Bunyan aired his doctrinal quarrel with them in two pamphlets, Some Gospel Truths Opened and A Vindication.

He is now in conflict with a much more powerful adversary: the re-established Church England.

Yeltsin Fired

1987 Moscow Communist Party boss Boris Yeltsin has been fired by President Gorbachev after Yeltsin had the temerity to criticize him for the slow pace of perestroika (reconstruction).

Yeltsin, an enthusiastic supporter of reform, also attacked Yegor Ligachev, number two in the Kremlin, for opposing Gorbachev’s initiatives.

He accepted criticism of what was termed his “political errors” and “personal ambition”, and was replaced by Lev Zaikov.

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