November 13 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 13.

November 13

Events on November 13

1851 A telegraphic service between London and Paris comes into operation.

1909 Two bombs are thrown at the Viceroy of India, the Earl of Minto.

1914 General Botha’s forces vanquish the rebel commandos of General Christiaan de Wet in the Orange Free State, leaving the way clear to march on the German colonists in South-West Africa.

1920 The first full session of the League of Nations begins in Geneva, with 5,000 representatives from 41 nations.

1923 In Italy, Benito Mussolini introduced a bill granting women the vote in national elections.

1925 The South African government called for more segregation of blacks. 

1926 in Italy, Mario de Bernardi set a world seaplane speed record of 246 mph (396 kph).

1941 An Italian submarine sinks HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar.

1973 Death of Italian fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli, inventor of “shocking pink”.

1974 Death of Vittorio de Sica, Italian neorealist film director most famous for Bicycle Thieves

2001 Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, falls to the Northern Alliance, who are working alongside US and UK troops to rid the country of the Taliban regime and root out terrorists.

Famous Birthdays on November 13

Edward III 1312, English monarch who was defeated at Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce.

Charles Frederick Worth 1825, Anglo-French fashion designer who found favour with the Empress Eugénie.

Robert Louis Stevenson 1850, Scottish author whose classic tales include Treasure Island, Kidnapped and The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Adrienne Corri 1930, British actress who appeared in Bunny Lake Is Missing and A Clockwork Orange among other films.

Quotes from Legendary

The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is its natural manure.

- Thomas Jefferson, American statesman, in a letter, 1787.

Historical News on November 13

Henry The Navigator Dies

1460 Prince Henry of Portugal, popularly known as Henry the Navigator, died today aged 66.

The son of King John I of Portugal and Philippa of Lancaster (daughter of John of Gaunt), he gained an early taste for navigation when he joined his father’s expedition to conquer Ceuta, in Morocco.

His appointment by the Pope as General of the Order of Christ helped him to fund the well-prepared expeditions that he regularly dispatched from his home port of Segres.

His captains discovered the Madeira and Canary Islands and the Azores, and in 1433 rounded Cape Bojador, previously a major navigational hazard and an object of superstitious terror to seamen.

By the mid-1450s the Senegal and Gambia Rivers and Cape Verde had been opened up, and a lively trade was being conducted with West Africa.

Meanwhile Henry surrounded himself with a brilliant circle of adventurers, astronomers and students of navigation.

Although Henry never travelled further than North Africa, he earned himself a lasting reputation for his encouragement of exploration.

2010 Burmese pro-democracy leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, was released after spending 15 of the previous 21 years under house arrest.

Suu Kyi became an international symbol of peaceful resistance in the face of oppression and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, a year after her National League for Democracy won an overwhelming victory in an election that the Burmese junta later nullified.

"Brassiere" Patented

1914 A patent has been taken out today for an item of female underwear to be known as the “backless brassiere”.

In contrast to the all-embracing undergarments of the Victorian and Edwardian eras, the brassiere covers and supports the breasts only; its inventor, Mrs Mary Phelps Jacob (better known as Caresse Crosby) constructed her prototype out of two handkerchiefs and baby ribbon.

Mrs Jacob has been making brassieres for her friends for some years, and has only now been persuaded to patent her idea.

Vertical Flight

1907 The rapid development of aviation took another step forward today.

M. Paul Cornu, a French bicycle-maker and engineer from Lisieux, Normandy, rose 4 ft (1.5 m) vertically into the air in his “Direct Lifter”, as he calls it, and hovered there for about 60 seconds.

M. Cornu successfully tested his theories with a working scale model last year.

The full-size machine, which was completed in August, uses a 24-hp water-cooled Antoinette engine to drive two 20-ft (6.5-m) rotors by means of belt and pulleys.

In fact his achievement was even greater than he intended, for his brother, fearing the machine was getting out of control, jumped on to steady it and was also lifted into the air.

M. Cornu anticipates that the machine will achieve a forward speed of about 7 mph (11 kph), making use of an ingenious system of movable vanes to deflect the downward wash of the rotors and thus provide propulsion.

De Gaulle Elected

1945 By the unanimous vote of all 555 deputies, General Charles de Gaulle was elected President of the French Provisional Government today.

After the fall of France in 1940 de Gaulle carried a torch of hope for his countrymen, providing a rallying point for Free French forces.

On many occasions, however, his pride and prickly temperament made him a difficult ally for Roosevelt and Churchill.

The Pétain regime condemned him to death in his absence, but de Gaulle, who had served under Pétain in World War I, spared his old commander’s life when he was in his turn sentenced to death for treason last year.

Thousands Feared Dead In Colombia

1985 Nevado del Ruin, the 17,717-ft (5,400-m) Colombian volcano dormant since 1845, erupted in a ferocious explosion today.

Melted snow swept down the mountain in huge torrents, creating a mud avalanche which completely buried the town of Armero huddled below.

There are very few survivors from the town’s 25,000 population.

A 28-inch (71 cm) layer of ash and rock has covered a 70-sq-mile (181 sq km) area around the volcano, 80 miles (128 km) west of Bogota.

Expert warnings of an imminent eruption were largely ignored and there was no attempt to evacuate the area, which has now become a sea of mud in which thousands of people are entombed forever.

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