November 14 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 14.

November 14

Events on November 14

1689 Death of Nell Gwynn, English actress and favourite mistress of King Charles Il of England, by whom she had two children.

1896 A new Highway Act declares it is no longer necessary for a man with a red flag to walk ahead of motor vehicles and raises the speed limit from 4 mph (6 kph) to 14 mph (22 kph).

1900 Dr Karl Landsteiner of the Pathological and Anatomical Institute in Vienna announces the discovery of three different blood groups.

1908 Foul play is suspected on the death of Tsu-Hsi, Dowager Empress of China.

1915 Death of black leader Booker T. Washington, first principal of the Tuskegee | Institute (Alabama) for Blacks.

1918 Tomas Masaryk is elected first President of Czechoslovakia.

1938 Jews are expelled from colleges in Germany.

1988 in Algiers, the Palestine National Council declares a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank.

1989 During his visit to Poland, West German chancellor Helmut Kohl visited Auschwitz.

1989 After five days of voting in Namibia’s first elections, the South West African People’s Organization (Swapo) was declared the largest party.

1990 in New Zealand, a gunman killed 11 of the 50 inhabitants of Aramoana, near Dunedin.

Famous Birthdays on November 14

Claude Monet 1840, French painter who was one of the pioneers of Impressionism.

Jawaharlal Nehru 1889, first prime minister of India, whose birthday is observed as ‘Children’s Day’ in India.

Aaron Copland 1900, American composer best-known for his works in popular style, such as the ballets Rodeo and Billy the Kid.

Joseph McCarthy 1908, American senator who led the Senate inquiry into alleged communists in the 1950s.

Historical News on November 14

It's The Top Ten

1952 Britain’s first pop chart was published in the New Musical Express today.

It contains three discs by Vera Lynn, “Homing Waltz”, “Auf Wiedersehen” and “Forget Me Not”, while Jo Stafford’s “You Belong to My Heart” is No. 2, and Nat “King” Cole’s “Somewhere Along the Way” is at No. 3.

And Britain’s first Number One? “Here in My Heart”, by Al Martino.

Surrealist Exhibition In Paris

1925 A controversial exhibition of art by the Surrealists has opened at the Galerie Pierre in Paris.

Those featured include Joan Miró, Georgio de Chirico, Paul Klee, Hans Arp, Man Ray, Pablo Picasso and Max Ernst. Although Surrealism is primarily a literary movement, developed out of Dadaism by André Breton (author of the Surrealist Manifesto) and Paul Eluard, the visual arts have not been far behind.

Ernst’s Reunion of Friends, André Masson’s Trees and Miró’s Ploughed Land and Harlequin’s Carnival, all of which are in the exhibition, illustrate well the Surrealist theory that art should be “uncontrolled by reason and independent of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation”.

Coventry Blitzed

1940 The Luftwaffe visited Coventry last night in one of the most destructive raids of the Blitz so far.

Making use of a “bomber’s moon”, 449 bombers dropped 503 tons of bombs and 881 incendiaries, turning the centre of the city into a raging inferno.

Out of the 2,50,000 population, 554 were killed and 865 seriously injured.

The medieval cathedral, one of the city’s glories, was almost completely destroyed.

A New Royal Prince

1948 A son, their first child, was born to Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh today.

The boy, to be named Charles Philip Arthur George, will be first in line to the throne when Her Royal Highness eventually succeeds her father, George VI.

Around The World in Less Than 80 Days

1889 Nellie Bly, intrepid reporter for New York World, set sail from New York today in an attempt to beat Phileas Fogg’s round-the-world time of 80 days as described in Jules Verne’s 1873 novel.

22-year old Miss Bly is planning to travel by sea, sampan, horse and rail, and will hold a competition for readers to guess her final time.

Miss Bly, whose real name is Elizabeth Cochran (her pen-name was taken from a Stephen Foster song) is no stranger to difficult situations.

She made her name writing on divorce and the plight of women and children in factories for the Pittsburgh Dispatch; and she had herself committed to Blackwell’s Island asylum for a story on conditions among the insane that made her famous overnight.

1983 The world’s largest airport, King Khalid International, opened today near Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The £2,100 million ($3,864) airport covers 86 sq miles (222 sq km) of desert, a greater area than Manhattan.

It also boasts the world’s tallest control tower, at 243 ft (74 m) high.

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