October 04 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 04.

October 04

Events on October 04

1535 Miles Coverdale’s English translation of the Bible is published.

1824 Mexico became a republic.

1859 Death of German publisher Karl Baedeker, whose series of travel guides became internationally famous.

1883 In Glasgow, Sir William Alexander Smith founded the Boys’ Brigade.

1895 The first European edition of The New York Herald was published in Paris.

1895 American Horace Rawlins wins the first US Open Golf tournament, played Newport, Rhode Island.

1904 Death of French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, creator of the Statue of Liberty.

1905 Orville Wright is the first person to fly an aircraft for more than 33 minutes.

1910 Portugal is proclaimed a republic – King Manuel II flees to Britain.

1952 An external device called a pacemaker developed by Dr Paul Zoll of the Harvard Medical School is fitted to David Schwartz to control his heartbeat.

2010 British actor and comedian Norman Wisdom dies, aged 95.

Famous Birthdays on October 04

Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720, Italian architect and engraver.

Jean-François Millet 1814, French painter, chiefly of romanticized scenes of peasant life.

Rutherford B. Hayes 1822, American statesman and Republican president from 1877 to 1881, during which time he supported the welfare of minority groups and reformed the civil service.

Buster Keaton 1895, American actor, director and screenwriter who began his career at the age of three as a human mop in the family comedy act and went on to make some masterful Hollywood comedies such as The Navigator and The General.

Quotes from Legendary

Being an intellectual creates a lot of questions and no answers. You can fill your life up with ideas and still go home lonely. All you really have that really matters are feelings. That's what music is to me.

- Janis Joplin, US rock singer and songwriter, who died today, 1970.

Historical News on October 04

Russian Rebels Surrender In White House Siege

1993 Troops and tanks loyal to President Yeltsin have opened fire on the White House in Moscow and finally put an end to the pro-Communist rebellion.

The rebels were occupying the building together with Moscow’s mayoral offices, and had attempted a partial take-over of the national television centre.

The siege followed escalating running battles between the pro-Communists and the security forces loyal to President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow.

Riot squads had been moved in to clear the streets after protesters erected barriers and set car tyres alight across the Garden Ring Road, Moscow’s main thoroughfare.

The riot police drafted in reinforcements and used water cannons to disperse the crowds but were driven back with home-made missiles.

The protests have been sparked by President Yeltsin dissolving parliament and calling for fresh elections on 21 September.

The rebels have demanded Yeltsin reverse his earlier decision to dissolve the conservative parliament.

Vice President Alexander Rutskoi, a key player among the hard-line communists and nationalist parliament rebels, was claiming the presidency.

He called on people to take to the streets and urged police officers to switch their allegiance.

Several people were injured in the clashes between riot police and the 600 demonstrators who were armed with steel bars, petrol bombs and rocks.

Police fired warning shots in the air, but they were beaten back by a powerful and determined crowd of rioters. An estimated 146 people have died in the struggle.

President Yeltsin has pardoned the ringleaders.

Russia Wins First Heat Of Space Race

1957 Two years ago both Russia and America announced that satellite programmes would form part of their pective contributions to International Geophysical Year 1957-58.

Artificial satellites are believed to have potential as monitors of scientific and meteorological phenomena and also as communications relay stations.

The Russians have taken a step closer to discovering the possible uses of satellites by successfully launching the world’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik I.

The 22-inch (53 cm), 185-lb (84 kg) disc of Sputnik I is at this moment circling the earth at an estimated 18,000 mph (29,000 kph).

On each 96-minute orbit, Sputnik comes to within 143 miles (231 km) of the Earth at one extreme of its trajectory and to within 584 miles (942 km) at the other.

It is expected to continue sending signals from its two radio transmitters until early next year.

1669 The Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn died in Amsterdam at 63.

In his 30s Rembrandt earned large sums from painting portraits of Amsterdam’s upper crust.

After his wealthy wife died in 1642 he gradually went bankrupt.

However, he continued to paint and to receive commissions and he leaves a vast legacy of about 600 paintings, 1500 drawings and 350 etchings.

Ira Calls Off Death Strike

1981 The IRA has called off the seven-month old hunger strike that has cost the lives of ten republicans held in H-block of the Maze prison in Belfast.

The Maze became the focus of interest for the world’s media after the first batch of hunger strikers died, including the MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone, Bobby Sands, The men in the Maze wanted the British government to give them the status of political prisoners.

Quantum Sleep

1947 The German physicist Max Planck died at his home in Gottingen, aged 89.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1918 in recognition of his contribution to the advancement of physics through the discovery of energy had been established by Planck quanta.

This quantum theory at the end of 1900 to explain how energy is distributed according to wavelength in the so-called black-body radiation of a cavity.

Ironically, the theory went against the tenets of classical physics to which Planck himself adhered.

It only became accepted by the majority of physicists after the Dane Niels Bohr demonstrated beyond all doubt that it was not an ad hoc hypothesis invented purely to prove the correct radiation formula for Planck’s experiment.

Janis ODS

Janis ODs on October 04
Janis ODs

1970 Rock singer Janis Joplin was found dead today in a Hollywood hotel room.

She had taken an overdose of heroin.

Joplin, 27, was known for her uninhibited singing style.

She would routinely drink a bottle of Southern Comfort on stage to improve her performance. Recently, though, she had eschewed this method of getting “high”, relying instead on the music, and had fought her heroin addiction.

Nine years ago Joplin ran away from home in Port Arthur, Texas, to become a singer. She hit the big time following the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967.

Her hits include “Piece of My Heart”.

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