October 07 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 07.

October 07

Events on October 07

1858 A non-stop mail coach reaches Los Angeles 20 days after leaving St Louis – having traveled 2,600 miles (4,160 km).

1908 Crete revolts against Turkish domination, seeking unity with Greece.

1919 The first airline, KLM of Holland, is established – scheduled flights are forecast to take place in 1920.

1959 Pictures of the far side of the moon are relayed back to Earth for the first time by the Russian spacecraft Lunik III.

1985 Italian cruise liner the Achille Lauro is seized by Palestinian terrorists.

1988 After an Alaskan hunter spots grey whales trapped in the ice an international rescue operation is planned.

1997 British High Commissioner in India, Sir David Gore-Booth makes it clear that Queen Elizabeth II, during her Amritsar visit, will not ‘apologize’ for the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre, but would lay a wreath there as a gesture.

2006 Campaign Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya is murdered in Moscow.

Famous Birthdays on October 07

Heinrich Himmler 1900, German head of the Gestapo and, from 1929, Hitler’s second-in command.

June Allyson 1923, American actress of stage and screen who could play a tomboy or a tease and appeared in the film Best Foot Forward.

Reverend Desmond Tutu 1931, South African archbishop of Cape Town and general secretary of the South African Council of Churches who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.

Thomas Keneally 1936. Australian author whose novel Schindler’s Ark, based on a true story, won him the Booker Prize.

Vladimir Putin 1952, elected Russian President in 1999.

Jayne Torville 1957, British ice skating champion who dominated the sport in the mid-’80s with her partner Christopher Dean.

Quotes from Legendary

Decades of pain and humiliation that is precisely what differentiates Central European countries from their Western counterparts.

- Czesław Miłosz, Polish novelist and 1980 Nobel Prize for Literature winner, 1991.

Historical News on October 07

Us To Root Out Terrorists In Afghanistan

2001 Today President George Bush announced the start of Operation Enduring Freedom whose aim is to root out Al-Qaeda members, particularly Osama bin Laden, from Afghanistan.

US and UK troops will join with those of the Northern Alliance, a federation of groups opposed to the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

The terrorists, who were behind the September 11 attacks, are thought to be hiding out in caves in the Afghan White Mountains.

Arnie Elected Governor

Arnie elected governor on October 07
Arnie elected governor

2003 Hollywood film star Arnold Schwarzenegger has won the race for governor of California, ousting the Democrat incumbent Gray Davis.

It is the first time that Californians have voted to sack their governor mid-term.

With almost all the votes counted, Schwarzenegger – running as a Republican – has secured almost 48%.

In a victory speech, Mr Schwarzenegger thanked the people of California for giving him their trust: “I know that together we can make this the greatest state in the greatest country in the world.”

Matisse & co. Get the bird

1905 The paintings of a group of radical artists exhibiting at this year’s Salon d’Automne have provoked an unusually hostile response from Parisian art lovers.

“A paint pot has been flung in the face of the public,” said one critic.

Another, Louis Vauxcelles of Gil Bias, has described the room where a sculpture in the classical style by Albert Marque is displayed with the offending paintings by Henri Matisse, André Derain and others, as “Donatello parmi les fauves” (“Donatello among the beasts”).

Matisse’s Woman with the Hat epitomizes the “Fauves” approach to art – deliberate disharmonies of intense colour and seemingly little attention to draughtsmanship.

Parisians have taken to gathering in front of the painting and jeering at it.

However, the American modern art collector, Leo Stein is reported to be interested in buying the painting.

Poe Pourri

1849 The poet, short story writer and critic Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore after a heavy drinking bout.

He was 40.

In 1845 Poe won fame throughout the United States for his poem “The Raven”.

His gift for writing in many different styles found expression in, at one extreme, horror and detective stories and, at the other, pseudo- learned discourses.

Controversial though he could be – with a libel suit brought by the subject of one of his gossipy sketches on the “Literati of New York” – Poe could also be humorous, kind and gentle as well as acerbic and self-centred.

Journey's End For Bishop

1904 Isabella Bird Bishop, the first woman to be made a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society of London, died today.

She was 73.

She was a sickly child so the family doctor advised her to travel, and in 1854 she made the first of many journeys overseas, to the western United States.

Thereafter she travelled all over the world.

After each journey she would write a detailed account of her adventures.

Her first book, The Englishwoman in America, became widely known.

She went on her last journey, to Morocco, aged 70.

Towards the end of her life she became increasingly involved in missionary causes and established several small hospitals in China and India.

Turks Invincibility Blown At Lepanto

Turks invincibility blown at Lepanto on October 07
Turks invincibility blown at Lepanto

1571 A Holy League of naval forces from Spain, Venice and the Vatican has exploded the myth of Turkish military invincibility by annihilating their fleet at the battle of Lepanto in the eastern Mediterranean.

The Turkish commander, Ali Pasha, was killed in the bloody fray along with 25,000 of his men.

The fleets were evenly matched with about 200 galleys and 80,000 men on either side.

Christian galley slaves accounted for half of the Turkish fleet’s manpower; 12,000 of them were freed at the end of the battle.

Turkish galley-losses are estimated at about 150 to the allies’ 15.

The architect of the Holy League’s victory is the dashing Don John of Austria, 24, who has managed to weld disparate fleets into an effective force.

It remains to be seen whether the same high degree of cooperation can be maintained.

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