October 09 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 09.

October 09

Events on October 09

1192 King Richard the Lion Heart abandons the Holy Land after an unsuccessful Crusade, leaving Jerusalem in Muslim hands.

1651 The Navigation Act was passed, allowing only English ships to import goods from Africa, America and Asia England.

1760 Russians and Austrians pillage Berlin.

1897 Henry Sturmey set off in his 4.5 hp Daimler from Land’s End in Cornwall, aiming to be the first person to drive from Land’s End to John O’ Groats in Scotland – a distance of 929 miles (1,486 km).

1962 Uganda receives formal independence.

1967 Death of André Maurois, French author and biographer.

1973 Elvis Presley divorces Priscilla.

1976 International Dialing Telephone Service starts between Bombay, India, and London, UK.

1987 Death of multi-talented Clare Boothe Luce, former US congresswoman, ambassador, novelist, editor and playwright who wrote The Women.

Famous Birthdays on October 09

Camille Saint-Saens 1835, French composer and pianist who is perhaps best known for his opera Samson and Delilah and his symphonic poem Dance Macabre.

Aimee Semple McPherson 1890, American theatrical “evangelist” who was one of the first to use radio as a means of reaching a large religious audience.

Jacques Tati 1908, French actor, film director and screenwriter remembered for Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday and Mon Oncle.

John Lennon 1940, English pop singer, musician and songwriter who rose to fame with the Beatles and later formed the Plastic Ono Band with his second wife, Yoko Ono.

Steve Ovett 1955, British middle distance runner who won the gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980.

Quotes from Legendary

If Botticelli were alive today he'd be working for Vogue.

- Peter Ustinov, British actor, 1962.

Historical News on October 09

Killer Fire Sweeps Through Chicago

Killer fire sweeps through Chicago on October 09
Killer fire sweeps through Chicago

1871 Fire devastated the mecca of The MidWest, Chicago.

The inferno began yesterday in the mouth-western part of the city and quickly spread northward.

The flames were so immense that they licked across the Chicago River and only died out when they reached Lake Michigan.

The recent long spell of dry weather rendered the city’s many wooden buildings into ideal tinder.

About 300 people are estimated to have Joint their lives, and a further 90,000 their homes, to the fire.

In all, four square miles of the city have been destroyed, including the business sector, at a cost of $200 million ($108 million).

Improved safety standards are expected to be the priority of any reconstruction programme for the city.

Che Shot Down On The Job

Che shot down on the job on October 09
Che shot down on the job

1967 Ernesto “Che” Guevara, the Argentine-born revolutionary who helped Fidel Castro win power in Cuba, was shot dead after being captured by Bolivian Army troops. He was 39.

Che Guevara was in Bolivia as part of a Cuban-sponsored expedition to topple the military government of President Barrientos and export Fidel Castro’s brand of Communism to other countries in Latin America.

The revolutionary struggle in Bolivia is expected to be carried on under the leadership of Inti Peredo, although without the charismatic Che Guevara the long-term prospects of the movement do not look very good.

The Kingmaker Tries Again

1470 In the ongoing struggle for the English throne the sands of fortune have shifted in favour of the House of Lancaster, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, who abandoned the Yorkist cause after his protégé Edward secretly married the beautiful young widow Elizabeth Woodville, has restored the pious and mentally unstable Henry VI to the throne.

The strong-willed Edward wanted the woman of his choice and not an arranged marriage to a French princess.

Henry VI is used to abdicating responsibility in political matters so the alliance between himself and the power-hungry Warwick should suit them both.

However, observers point to Henry’s inability to govern as the major cause of the war that has riven the country for the past 15 years and for the loss of English held lands in France.

The days of the Lancastrian dynasty as represented by Henry seem to be numbered.

Nobel Problems For Solzhenitsyn

1970 The winner of this year’s Nobel Prize for Literature, dissident Soviet writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, has excused himself from attending the award ceremony in Stockholm in December, for “personal reasons”.

It is unclear whether the Soviet authorities refused to permit him to leave the USSR or whether Solzhenitsyn declined to go for fear that he would not be readmitted.

The championing of Solzhenitsyn in the West – where he is now a best-selling author – has made life difficult for him with the Soviet authorities, who view the award as provocation.

Last year he was expelled from the Soviet Writers’ Union.

Jordan Hands Olive Branch to Egypt

1984 A five-year severance of relations between Amman and Cairo was formally ended today with the visit by President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt to Jordan.

Egypt has been in the Arab dog-house since 1979 when the late Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty with Israel.

King Hussein’s decision to resume diplomatic relations with Egypt and bring her hack into the Arab fold has met with hostility, especially among radical Arab states such as Libya and Syria.

One reason for King Hussein’s decision to extend the hand of friendship to Egypt is Jordan’s economy, which is badly in need of a large export market to offset the general downturn in trade caused by the Tran-Iraq war.

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