October 10 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 10.

October 10

Events on October 10

1794 The Russians crush the rebel Polish army, taking its leader prisoner.

1881 Charles Darwin publishes what he considers his major work, the result of a 45-year ecological study – The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms with Notes on their Habits.

1903 British suffragette Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst forms the Women’s Social and Political Union in Manchester to fight for female emancipation.

1911 The Chinese revolution breaks out at Wuchang in Central China.

1935 George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess opens in New York, the “first American opera”.

1940 A German bomb destroys the high altar of St Paul’s Cathedral in London.

1954 Ho Chi Minh returns to Hanoi as the French evacuate.

1957 A major radiation leak is detected at the Windscale atomic power station in Cumbria following a nuclear accident on October 7.

1975 After a tumultuous past during which time they have already married and divorced, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor remarry in a remote village in Botswana.

1985 Death of Yul Brynner, bald-headed American actor whose most famous films include The King and l and The Magnificent Seven.

Famous Birthdays on October 10

Benjamin West 1738, American born history and portrait painter who spent most of his career in England, becoming President of the Royal Academy.

Giuseppe Verdi 1813, Italian romantic opera composer whose works include Rigoletto and Aida.

R.K. Narayan 1906, Indian author and one of the first Indian novelists to publish in English.

Thelonius Monk 1920, American jazz pianist and composer who led the way in bebop.

Quotes from Legendary

Music creates order out of chaos; for rhythm imposes unanimity upon the divergent, melody imposes continuity upon the disjointed, and harmony imposes compatibility upon the incongruous.

- Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, 1976.

Historical News on October 10

Citizen Welles

Citizen welles October 10
Citizen welles

1985 Orson Welles died at his Los Angeles home today, aged 70.

Wisconsin-born Welles (real name George Orson) knew success early in his career.

In 1938, when he was only 23, he came to the attention of Hollywood with his radio production of H.G. Wells’ The War of the Worlds, which had several million Americans believing that Martians had landed in New Jersey.

His first film, Citizen Kane, which he directed, produced, wrote and starred in, was highly praised.

But there was no way but down from this pinnacle of perfection.

Disillusioned, he left Hollywood after the war to act in Europe.

Eventually he drifted into television, providing voice-overs for commercials.

Yale Break at New Haven

1718 Puritan leader Cotton Mather definitely seems to have the Lord on his side.

He has received a generous response to his request for further assistance for the Saybrook School from its principal benefactor, wealthy British trader Elihu Yale.

Mr Yale responded with gifts worth £800 ($1470).

The money from the sale of these items – which included a portrait of George I – will be used to construct a building, to be called Yale College, at the university’s new home in New Haven.

The university’s curriculum emphasizes classical studies and rigid adherence to orthodox Puritanism.

Mather and his fellow Congregationalists determined from the outset that their college would not be based on the Harvard model – that bastion of learning is also a hotbed of religious dissent.

Agnew Damned By Lies

1973 The man twice chosen by US President Richard Nixon to be his deputy resigned this afternoon before appearing in a federal district court in Baltimore to face charges of income tax evasion.

Spiro Agnew, 54, pleaded “no contest” (“guilty”) and was fined $10,000 (£5,400) and placed on probation for three years.

Until today, Agnew had described the charges against him as “lies, damned lies”.

His last-minute reversal means that the Federal prosecutors will not bring more serious charges against him.

These relate to the source of the income which Agnew concealed from the Revenue.

From the time of his election as Governor of Maryland in 1967, Agnew had accepted cash bribes from engineering firms in return for lucrative state contracts.

Agnew’s fall from grace is the heaviest of the many miscreants who have so far inhabited the corridors of power in the Nixon administration.

Diamonds Aren't His Best Friend

1979 The political fall-out generated by the overthrow of the self-proclaimed Emperor of the Central African Empire, Marshal Jean Bedel Bokassa, last month has alighted the shoulders of French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing.

If he wished for relief from France’s domestic problems – which include rising unemployment and inflation – he would not have found it in the satirical newspaper Le Canard Enchainé, which claims he accepted gifts of diamonds from Bokassa.

The opposition Socialist party is playing the Bokassa affair for all its worth, demanding an inquiry into relations between the deposed emperor’s corrupt and nasty regime and France.

Blast From Afar

Blast damned by lies on October 10
Blast damned by lies

1913 The last obstacle to the completion of the Panama Canal was overcome in spectacular fashion today by President Woodrow Wilson.

From the safety and comfort of the Oval Office, he pressed a red button to detonate the explosives laid over 4,000 miles (6,400 km) away to clear the final stretch of the Canal.

American military engineers, headed by Colonel Goethals, have spent the past nine years on the US-financed waterway.

This link between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans is 51 miles (82 km) long, has six locks and traverses two lakes, one of which Lake Gatun – is the largest manmade lake in the world.

The Canal is due to open to shipping next August.

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