To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 11.
Events on October 11
Famous Birthdays on October 11
Quotes from Legendary
Politicians can forgive almost anything in the way of abuse; they can forgive subversion, revolution, being contradicted, exposed as liars, even ridiculed, but they can never forgive being ignored.
- Auberon Waugh, British novelist and critic, 1981.
Quotes from Legendary
Tact consists in knowing how far we may go too far.
- Jean Cocteau, who died today, 1963.
Historical News on October 11
Edith And Jean - The Cocteau Twins
1963 France is today mourning the loss of Jean Cocteau and Edith Piaf.
Cocteau died in Paris, aged 74, Piaf in the south where she was convalescing after treatment for drug and alcohol abuse.
The two had been firm friends since 1940 when Piaf’s newly acquired star status gave her the entrée to move in the same artistic circles as Cocteau.
By this time he was almost a French institution, lionized for his artistic experiments in poetry, drama, fiction, drawing, design and film. Such was his admiration for Edith that he wrote a play for her, Le Bel Indifferent.
He described her as a star who burns in the nocturnal solitude of the sky over Paris”.
1980 The Algerian city of El Asnam was hit by an earthquake of catastrophic proportions yesterday.
Algerian radio said that 80 per cent of the city was destroyed.
20,000 are feared dead. The first shock wave registered 7.5 on the Richter scale, and its ferocity broke monitoring equipment at the Swedish Seismological Institute in Uppsala.
The effects of the quake were felt in Valencia, Spain, causing cracks to open in a number of houses.
El Asnam (formerly Orleansville) had to be almost totally rebuilt after the last earthquake, in 1954, which damaged an area of 30 square miles (78 sq km).
The city stands on a section of an unstable fault zone stretching from Gabes, Tunisia to Agadir, Morocco. President Chadli Bendjedid has proclaimed a week’s national mourning.
1834 Sir William Napier, Britain’s Chief Superintendent of Trade in China, died in Macao at the age of 48.
He had recently returned from Canton after a disastrous attempt to persuade the imperial government of China to trade directly with Britain rather than through the Hong merchants.
Angered Chinese viceroy Loo had no wish to alter established custom.
He ordered Napier to return to Macao, and when he refused, kept him in confinement.
He also called a halt to trade with Britain.
Within weeks Napier was dangerously ill, weakened by the heat, and by sheer anxiety, anger and frustration.
Jodrell Reaches For The Stars
1957 The world’s largest steerable radio-telescope went into operation at the Jodrell Observatory of the University of Manchester today.
The instrument, which has a 250-ft (81-m) diameter parabolic bowl, is mounted on a trunnion 180 ft (58 m) above ground level.
The telescope’s designer, Bernard Lovell, has completed his project in time for tracking the first Sputnik, which was launched a week ago.
Indeed, had it not been for the Russian “first”, Lovell’s project might have been halted because of spiralling costs.
1987 The latest in sonic wizardry has been brought in to settle the long dispute over the existence of the Loch Ness monster.
Known affectionately as Nessie, it was first sighted by an unimpeachable source – St Columba – back in 565.
Since then there have been numerous claims of sightings, including photographic evidence.
Today’s trawl of the loch by some 24 boats fitted with sophisticated sonic detectors revealed a large moving object at a depth of around 180 ft (58 m).
A positive identification of the object has yet to be made, and the world’s press is eagerly awaiting the outcome.