To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 12.
Events on October 12
Famous Birthdays on October 12
Quotes from Legendary
Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone
- Nurse Edith Cavell, English nurse in World War One, before her execution, 1915.
Historical News on October 12
Cavell Pays High Price for Humanity
1915 The German authorities in Belgium have executed British nurse Edith Cavell, 50, for her role in an underground operation to help Allied soldiers escape from Belgium to the Netherlands, a neutral country.
Cavell had confessed to providing shelter for escapees at the Berkendael Institute in Brussels, a Red Cross hospital of which she was matron.
There the men received money and guides from Philippe Baucq, who was arrested and subsequently shot with Nurse Cavell.
Reports suggest that responsibility for her death lies solely with the occupation administration in Belgium, which committed the deed before telling the Berlin authorities.
Terra Firma is not a Mirage
1492 After a month of experiencing mirages of land, explorer Christopher Columbus and his three ship’s sighted terra firma at dawn today.
Columbus went ashore and took possession of the island in the name of his patrons, Isabella and Ferdinand, but was already keen to set sail to find the Island of Cipango.
2002 Terrorists have stuck again, this time in the Indonesian tourist resort of Bali.
Nearly 200 people were killed and 300 injured, many of them Australian holidaymakers, when a bomb exploded outside a nightclub.
The blast is thought to be the work of Muslim groups linked to Al-Qaeda.
Boers Get First Strike
1899 The Boer states responded to Britain’s dispatch of troops to South Africa by issuing a declaration of war, and they drew first blood.
The British military garrison at Mafeking, under Colonel Robert Baden- Powell, is under siege by Boer forces.
If the siege drags on, as seems likely, it may become a symbol of the wider struggle between a colonial power intent on defending its commercial rights and Dutch Boers who resent British inroads in South Africa.
Ira Strikes At The Very Heart Of British Cabinet
1984 The IRA has launched its most daring attack yet on the British government.
At 3 am this morning a 20-1b (9-kg) bomb exploded at the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where most of the Cabinet are staying during this year’s Conservative Party Conference.
Several floors of the hotel collapsed, killing four people and leaving 30 injured.
Among the dead are former deputy whip Sir Anthony Berry and the wife of the Tory government’s chief whip John Wakeham.
The bomb is thought to have been planted on the sixth floor, above the suite occupied by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, whose bathroom was devastated by the blast.
Despite the turmoil, the party conference started punctually at 9.30 am.
Mrs Thatcher told a nonetheless packed assembly that “all attempts to destroy democracy by terrorism will fail”.
Rebel With Many a Cause
1870 Robert E. Lee, the man who by example encouraged the people of the defeated Confederate states of America to believe in a new and better tomorrow, has died in Lexington at the age of 63.
The years of hardship endured by Lee as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War took their toll, and he never regained his health.
He fought a defensive war, believing that the Confederates could not win against the superior Union army.
After the war, Lee accepted the post of president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia.
He proved to be a progressive educator, inspiring in his students the desire to rebuild their state and become good citizens of a united republic.