October 12 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 12.

October 12

Events on October 12

1609 “Three Blind Mice” is the first known secular song to be published.

1694 Death of Basho, the Japanese haiku poet.

1901 President Theodore Roosevelt renames the Executive Mansion “The White House”.

1924 Death of Anatole France, French writer and Nobel Prize winner whose novels reflect his deeply pessimistic view of life.

1928 The first “iron lung” is used at the Boston Children’s Hospital in Massachusetts.

1964 Death of Ian Fleming, the English creator of the fictional character James Bond.

1978 British punk Sid Vicious is arrested and charged with the murder of his American girlfriend Nancy Spungen.

2008 Pope Benedict XVI announces the canonization of Sister Alphonsa Muttathupadathu, the first woman of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.

Famous Birthdays on October 12

Edward VI 1537, English monarch, the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour.

Ramsay McDonald 1866, Scottish statesman and first Labour prime minister of Britain.

Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872, English composer best known for Sea Symphony, Sinfonia Antarctica and Greensleeves.

Aleister Crowley 1875, English occultist and author who promoted himself as “the wickedest man alive” and with his followers was expelled from an abbey in Sicily when rumours of orgies and ceremonies involving the sacrifice of babies surfaced.

Jaroslav Drobny 1921, Czech tennis player who defected to the West and won Wimbledon for the second time with an injured knee in what was the longest final ever, playing against Ken Rosewall.

Luciano Pavarotti 1935, Italian tenor of huge popularity who specialized in the music of Bellini, Verdi and Puccini.

Quotes from Legendary

Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone

- Nurse Edith Cavell, English nurse in World War One, before her execution, 1915.

Historical News on October 12

Cavell Pays High Price for Humanity

1915 The German authorities in Belgium have executed British nurse Edith Cavell, 50, for her role in an underground operation to help Allied soldiers escape from Belgium to the Netherlands, a neutral country.

Cavell had confessed to providing shelter for escapees at the Berkendael Institute in Brussels, a Red Cross hospital of which she was matron.

There the men received money and guides from Philippe Baucq, who was arrested and subsequently shot with Nurse Cavell.

Reports suggest that responsibility for her death lies solely with the occupation administration in Belgium, which committed the deed before telling the Berlin authorities.

Terra Firma is not a Mirage

Terra firma is not a mirage on October 12
Terra firma is not a mirage

1492 After a month of experiencing mirages of land, explorer Christopher Columbus and his three ship’s sighted terra firma at dawn today.

Columbus went ashore and took possession of the island in the name of his patrons, Isabella and Ferdinand, but was already keen to set sail to find the Island of Cipango.

2002 Terrorists have stuck again, this time in the Indonesian tourist resort of Bali.

Nearly 200 people were killed and 300 injured, many of them Australian holidaymakers, when a bomb exploded outside a nightclub.

The blast is thought to be the work of Muslim groups linked to Al-Qaeda.

Boers Get First Strike

1899 The Boer states responded to Britain’s dispatch of troops to South Africa by issuing a declaration of war, and they drew first blood.

The British military garrison at Mafeking, under Colonel Robert Baden- Powell, is under siege by Boer forces.

If the siege drags on, as seems likely, it may become a symbol of the wider struggle between a colonial power intent on defending its commercial rights and Dutch Boers who resent British inroads in South Africa.

Ira Strikes At The Very Heart Of British Cabinet

1984 The IRA has launched its most daring attack yet on the British government.

At 3 am this morning a 20-1b (9-kg) bomb exploded at the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where most of the Cabinet are staying during this year’s Conservative Party Conference.

Several floors of the hotel collapsed, killing four people and leaving 30 injured.

Among the dead are former deputy whip Sir Anthony Berry and the wife of the Tory government’s chief whip John Wakeham.

The bomb is thought to have been planted on the sixth floor, above the suite occupied by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, whose bathroom was devastated by the blast.

Despite the turmoil, the party conference started punctually at 9.30 am.

Mrs Thatcher told a nonetheless packed assembly that “all attempts to destroy democracy by terrorism will fail”.

Rebel With Many a Cause

Terra firma is not a mirage on October 12
Terra firma is not a mirage

1870 Robert E. Lee, the man who by example encouraged the people of the defeated Confederate states of America to believe in a new and better tomorrow, has died in Lexington at the age of 63.

The years of hardship endured by Lee as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War took their toll, and he never regained his health.

He fought a defensive war, believing that the Confederates could not win against the superior Union army.

After the war, Lee accepted the post of president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia.

He proved to be a progressive educator, inspiring in his students the desire to rebuild their state and become good citizens of a united republic.

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