October 13 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 13.

October 13

Events on October 13

1399 Coronation of Henry IV, the first King of the House of Lancaster.

1792 US President George Washington lays the foundation stone of the White House.

1857 Prioress wins at Newmarket, becoming the first American horse to win a major British race.

1884 Greenwich was adopted as the universal meridian.

1904 The Interpretation of Dreams by Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud is published.

1930 Hitler’s 107 Nazi deputies turn up in uniform to take their new seats at the Reichstag.

1939 Hitler tries without success to persuade US President Roosevelt to mediate a peace between Germany, France and Britain.

1988 The Law Lords lift an injunction and allow British newspapers to print extracts from Peter Wright’s book Spycatcher.

Famous Birthdays on October 13

Lillie Langtry 1853, English society beauty known as the “Jersey Lily” who was intimate with Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales.

Ashok Kumar 1911, Indian actor fondly called “Dadamoni”, who has been awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1988, and the Padma Bhushan in 1998, for his contribution to Indian cinema.

Lenny Bruce 1924, American social satirist who was arrested and charged with obscenity on several occasions, deported from Britain in 1963 and banned from Australia after a single performance in Sydney.

Margaret Thatcher 1925, British Conservative politician and prime minister from 1979 to 1990.

Paul Simon 1941, American pop singer, songwriter and musician who, as part of the duo Simon and Garfunkel, produced big hits such as “Bridge Over Troubled Water” and “Mrs Robinson”.

Ian Thorpe 1982, swimmer who has won five Olympic golds, more than any other Australian.

Quotes from Legendary

My definition of a free society is a society where it is safe to be unpopular.

- Adlai Stevenson, US politician, 1952.

Historical News on October 13

Turin Shroud a Forgery

Turin shroud a forgery on October 13
Turin shroud a forgery

1988 The Turin Shroud, for centuries regarded as the burial cloth of Jesus Christ, is believed to be a fake.

The results of exhaustive carbon dating tests, carried out on the shroud at laboratories in Oxford, Zurich and Arizona, were revealed today.

Speaking at a press conference in London, Professor Edward Hall, the head of the Oxford team, said that the data showed with 95 percent certainty that the 14-ft (4.5-m) linen cloth dated from between 1260 and 1390, a period when forgery was rife.

The Catholic Church, which has consistently expressed caution over the shroud’s origins, accepts the findings, but one regular visitor to the Turin Cathedral chapel, Signora Angela Bosso, 72, remarked: “I don’t believe in those scientists.”

12 Good Men Unite Jewry

1843 12 men met in a café on New York’s Lower East Side today to establish a new fraternal order of Jews in the USA.

Their aim is to bring a sense of community to the 15,000 Jewish people living in the United States.

They plan to concentrate initially on arranging private rituals and providing assistance to the elderly, widows and orphans and  victims of tragedy and persecution.

The name of the new organization is B’nai B’rith, meaning “Sons of the Covenant”.

2010 The last of 33 Chilean miners who spent 69 days in a collapsed copper and gold mine, is winched to safety.

The miners were trapped 700 m (2,300 ft) below the surface when part of the San José mine collapsed on 5 August.

A new shaft had to be made with specially designed drilling equipment to free the trapped men.

Princesses Take to the Airwaves

Princesses take to the airwaves on October 13
Princesses take to the airwaves

1940 14-year-old Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King George VI, today made her first public contribution to Britain’s war effort by broadcasting to the children of Britain and the Commonwealth.

The Princess’s father has been much admired for his morale-boosting efforts in these dark days.

Princess Elizabeth followed his example in her address to the BBC radio Children’s Hour audience.

She told them: “We know, every one of us, that in the end all will be well.”

At the end of the programme the Princess encouraged her 10-year-old sister, Margaret, to utter her first public sentence: “Goodnight, and good luck to you all”.

Roy's Revelation

1997 The God of Small Things took four years to write and it was worth it, as it won the prestigious Man Booker Prize today.

Every sentence is lovingly crafted with evocative power that is rare in the fast-paced popcorn romances and thrillers that have become a staple today.

With this book, Arundhati Roy has been thrust into international fame as the novel earned her not only positive critical opinion but also extensive commercial success.

The shortlisting by the Booker committee and subsequent win attests to its power.

The novel is situated in Ayemenem in Kerala and depicts, in its complex and non-sequential narrative, the lives of twin siblings, Rachel and Estha.

The novel is said to be quite autobiographical, with Roy having rendered not only the topography of her youth in Ayemenem, Kerala, India, but also the history of her mother’s struggle against patriarchal oppression, in the figure of Ammu.

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