October 14 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 14.

October 14

Events on October 14

1791 The Society of United Irishmen was set up in Belfast to demand rights for Catholics.

1893 The first musical comedy, The Gaiety Girl, is performed in London.

1912 President Theodore Roosevelt is shot in an attempted assassination.

1913 An explosion at Universal Colliery in South Wales kills 439 miners – Britain’s worst mining disaster.

1939 810 die as The Royal Navy battleship Royal Oak is torpedoed and sinks in Scapa Flow.

1973 Egypt and Syria invade Israel as the nation celebrates the holy Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur.

1976 Death of Dame Edith Evans, British stage actress.

1997 Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Amritsar in Punjab, India, and spend time at Jallianwala Bagh and the Golden Temple complex.

2010 French-American mathematician and father of fractal geometry Benoît Mandelbrot dies, aged 85.

Famous Birthdays on October 14

William Penn 1644, English Quaker leader who founded the American Quaker colony of Pennsylvania.

Eamon de Valera 1882, American-born Irish politician who was President of the newly declared Irish Republic from 1919 to 1922, three times Irish prime minister and subsequently President from 1959 to 1973.

Dwight D. Eisenhower 1890, American military commander in charge of the Allied invasion of Europe in World War Two, and twice president of the USA after the war.

Lillian Gish 1896, American heroine in many silent film classics, including Birth of a Nation.

Cliff Richard 1940, British pop singer who rose to fame in the ’50s and has had chart-topping hits ever since.

Quotes from Legendary

I do not dislike the French from the vulgar antipathy between neighbouring nations, but for their insolent and unfounded airs of superiority.

- Horace Walpole, British writer, in a letter, 1787.

Historical News on October 14

Commonwealth Beats Expectations

2010 It is the end of the 19th Commonwealth Games, which began on October 3, in New Delhi, India.

6,081 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies participated in 21 sports and 273 events held in 18 venues.

Five of these venues were newly constructed, and two received extensive renovations for the Games.

Additional structures include the Games Village, which has been the focus of extensive criticism for shoddy and delayed construction, symptomatic in many ways of the problems that have beset the Games in the months leading up to the opening ceremony.

However, a beautiful opening extravaganza allayed many fears, and despite its many problems, a number of commentators have pronounced the event a success.

Australia has topped the medal tally, and a strong performance from the host nation has earned them the second place.

The closing ceremony, performed at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, replicated the magic of the opening and the Commonwealth Games wound down in high spirits.

Super Cyclone Phailin hits Odisha

2013 Officials in India say that almost a quarter of a million homes have been damaged by Cyclone Phailin, which hit the nation’s east coast over the last two days.

The cyclone is one of the deadliest to hit India in 14 years.

6,00,000 people have been rendered homeless in Odisha as the cyclone swept through 14,000 villages.

Vice chairman of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) Marri Shashidhar Reddy says 18 people have been killed with 17 in Odisha and one in Andhra Pradesh.

Hundreds of workers from the country’s National Disaster Response Force are spreading across the region, clearing away fallen trees from roads, mangled power poles and other debris.

Relief workers are distributing food at shelters and treating the injured, while authorities work to restore power and other services.

More than a million people have been evacuated and forced to take refuge in shelters and public buildings, making it one of the biggest evacuations in history.

Some are criticizing the Government for exaggerating its threat level; however, many are thankful it is not a repeat of the 1999 cyclone disaster that hit Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, killing more than 10,000 people.

Although the worst is over, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) says heavy rainfall could be expected in at least five states over the next 24 hours.

Nobel Prize Gives Hope to Burma

1991 This year’s Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to the Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

The daughter of the martyred General Aung San, father of Burmese independence, she returned to Burma in 1988, after an absence of 28 years.

The formation of a military government in Burma motivated her to found an opposition party, the NLD (National League for Democracy).

She denounced the government and in July 1989 was put under house arrest and barred from participating in the May 1990 elections.

Despite winning only 10 out of 485 seats, the military refused to hand over power to the NLD, which won 81 per cent of the seats they contested.

The Peace Prize may be seen as part of an international effort to win her release.

Crooner Bing's Last Swing

1977 The much-loved entertainer Bing Crosby collapsed and died today after completing a round of golf near Madrid.

He was 73.

Hollywood was quick to exploit Crosby’s vocal talent, and in 1940 he began an association that would last 20 years with Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour in the Road films.

One of his most successful films was High Society, with Grace Kelly and Frank Sinatra.

His records have sold more than 400 million copies.

Human Breaks Sound Barrier

Human breaks sound barrier on October 14
Human breaks sound barrier

2012 Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner became the first human to break the sound barrier without mechanized propulsion after jumping from a platform 39 kilometres above the Earth.

Baumgartner hit estimated speeds of 1357.

64 km/h (843.6 mph), or Mach 1.25 during his descent, which lasted over four minutes.

He landed in eastern New Mexico.

His suit was specially designed to withstand the varying pressures during his descent, and was responsible for ensuring his blood didn’t boil or lungs explode.

Baumgartner was reflective in his post-jump comments, saying “Sometimes you have to go up really high to see how small you are.”

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