October 16 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 16.

October 16

Events on October 16

1846 At Massachusetts General Hospital, dentist William T.G. Morton successfully uses an anaesthetic (diethyl ether) for the first time and removes a tumour from a young man’s jaw.

1942 A cyclone in the Bay of Bengal takes the lives of 40,000 people in and around Calcutta, India.

1964 The first Chinese-made atom bomb is tested in an explosion at Lop Nor.

1975 GOES I (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) is launched.

1978 Polish cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope, the first non-Italian pope since 1542 and the youngest this century.

1989 A committee of the Convention in International Trade in Endangered Species meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland, votes 76-11 in favour of a ban on the international trade in ivory.

Famous Birthdays on October 16

Noah Webster 1758, American lexicographer responsible for the first American dictionary.

Oscar Wilde 1854, Irishborn writer and wit whose work includes the play The Importance of Being Earnest and the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

David Ben-Gurion 1886, Polishborn first Israeli prime minister who was the leading force in the creation of the state.

Eugene O’Neill 1888, American dramatist whose finest plays include The Iceman Cometh and Long Day’s Journey into Night.

Bert Kaempfert 1923, German conductor and composer who wrote many hits including Frank Sinatra’s Strangers in the Night.

Angela Lansbury 1925, British actress who won Tony awards for Broadway plays such as Mame, was nominated for an Oscar for the film Gaslight, but is probably best known for her role in the television series Murder She Wrote.

Hema Malini 1948, Indian actress, director, producer, Bharatanatyam dancer, choreographer and politician.

Quotes from Legendary

The greatest disorder of the mind is to let will direct belief.

- Louis Pasteur, French biologist, 1890.

Historical News on October 16

White House Invite Lands Booker T. in Trouble

White house invite lands booker T. in trouble on October 16
White house invite lands booker T. in trouble

1901 President Rooseveli’s invitation to black American educator Booker T. Washington to visit the White House has unleashed a fury of opposition.

The consensus among the protesters is that the invitation constitutes a “breach of etiquette”.

Mr Washington spends most of his time encouraging his fellow blacks to absorb American values.

Last year he formed the National Negro Business League, which emphasizes vocational skills, thrift and enterprise.

One suspects that the protesters are really objecting to a breach of the colour bar, for there is no hint of radicalism in his aims.

The controversy will not have helped Washington’s cause among his own people.

International war crimes tribunal on october 16
International war crimes tribunal

1946 10 leading Nazis found guilty of crimes against humanity by the International War Crimes Tribunal a fortnight ago were hanged in the gymnasium of Nuremberg prison today.

Hermann Goering chose to exit via a different door, taking poison less than two hours before he was due to be executed.

Marie-Antoinette Loses Her Head

1793 The execution today of Marie-Antoinette, queen-consort of late King Louis XVI, and the prospect of further deaths by guillotine both counter-revolutionaries and revolutionaries suggest that France is slipping even deeper into anarchy.

The Queen, who was 38, had been held in prison for more than a year, since August in solitary confinement.

Two days ago she was brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal to face a catalogue of her sins.

Ironically, high on the list of public prosecutor Fouquier-Tinville was immorality, the charge – almost certainly spurious – which her enen at the old court used so effectively to discredit the monarchy.

Those who glimpsed the Queen on her journey to the scaffold say that her good looks had quite disappeared.

1991 Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, 50 miles (80 km) north of Austin, Texas, was the scene today of the worst massacre in American history.

After crashing his Ford pick-up truck through the front of the packed eating place, unemployed seaman George Hennard, 35, systematically shot as many of the terrified lunchtime crowd as he could, killing 22.

Police arrived, then Hennard retreated to a backroom and turned the gun on himself.

Worst Storm, But no Warning

1987 The London Weather Centre is battening down its hatches to meet a deluge of criticism after failing to alert southern England to the imminent arrival of the worst storm to hit Britain in 300 years.

The violence of the Force-11 storm brought down roofs, chimneys, trees and power lines, claimed the lives of 18 people and caused an estimated £100 million ($184 million) of damage.

Life was brought to a halt on land and sea as police advised people to stay at home rather than add to the chaos.

Sevenoaks in Kent has lost six of the giant oak trees which gave the town its name, while experts at Kew Gardens said that it would take about 200 years to replace some of the trees lost from their arboretum.

The Met Office is blaming a computer error for its miscalculation.

Pinochet Arrested

1998 The former Chilean military dictator Augusto Pinochet has been arrested in London in the first step of extradition proceedings.

Spain has applied to have Pinochet brought to justice on human rights charges relating to the war which followed his overthrow of President Allende in 1973.

His arrest has caused much controversy around the world, with some believing the former dictator should have sovereign immunity from prosecution.

1998 Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble and SDLP leader John Hume have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace prize for their parts in forging the Northern Ireland agreement which was signed in April this year.

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