October 19 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 19.

October 19

Events on October 19

1741 The actor David Garrick gives his debut performance as Richard Ill at London’s Goodman’s Fields Theatre, and receives an ovation.

1860 The first company to manufacture internal combustion engines, designed by Barsanti and Matteuci, was formed in Florence.

1864 The American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek ends with the victory of General Sheridan over the Confederates.

1901 Brazilian aviator Alberto Santos Dumont circumnavigates the Eiffel Tower in his airship to win the first aviation prize.

1950 The North Korean capital of Pyongyang fell during the Korean War.

1963 Sir Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as British prime minister.

1987 One of Britain’s finest cellists, Jacqueline du Pre, dies from multiple sclerosis, aged 42.

2000 The oldest ever cave painting is discovered near Verona.

2003 Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified.

Famous Birthdays on October 19

Adam Lindsay Gordon 1833, Australian horsebreaker, steeplechase rider and poet, the first to write in an Australian idiom.

Alfred Dreyfus 1859, French army officer who was falsely accused of treason and sent to Devil’s Island, which caused a national scandal.

Auguste Lumière 1862, French moving picture pioneer who, with his brother Louis, developed and manufactured the cinématographe – a motion picture camera and projector.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar 1910, Indian astrophysicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983.

John Le Carré 1931, British novelist whose job in the British | Foreign Service influenced his writing, which includes The Spy Who Came in From the Cold and The Looking Glass War.

Quotes from Legendary

You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.

- Indira Gandhi, on this day 1971, at a press conference in New Delhi.

Historical News on October 19

No Way Out For British

No way out for British on October 19
No way out for British

1781 British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 46, delivered his 8.000 troops into the hands of the besieging American forces at Yorktown today.

Two days ago Cornwallis had signalled his willingness to come to terms.

He had been hemmed in by superior forces on land and at sea for the past three weeks with no relief in sight.

He could only surrender, allowing General Washington to win the War of Independence for the colonists.

French Start Long, Cold Walk Home

1812 Napoleon’s 12-week campaign in Russia seems to have reaped a meagre reward.

The Russians abandoned Moscow after the indecisive battle of Borodino six weeks ago.

The French entered the city to find it in flames, three-quarters destroyed.

Tsar Alexander’s refusal to negotiate and renewed Russian military activity to the south of Moscow left Napoleon with no alternative but to withdraw to winter quarters.

The retreat began today, the 50 mile (80-km) column heading in the direction of Smolensk.

The road ahead is fraught with danger for the Grand Army – danger from the enemy force and the weather, which is fine at present but could turn very quickly.

Nightmare On Wall Street

Nightmare on wall street on October 19
Nightmare on wall street

1987 Wall Street experienced the worst day in its history, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeting a record 508.32 points, wiping $500 billion (£270 billion) off the value of shares.

The percentage decline was 22.6, almost 10 per cent higher than the big crash of 1929.

Last Friday a record 338.5 million shares changed hands as wave after wave of sell orders hit traders.

The dramatic sell-off has hit stock markets around the world. In London the FT index fell 250 points, responding to the overnight collapse in Tokyo and other Far Eastern markets and slashing more than £50 billion ($92 billion) off share values. There was no sign, however, of the panic selling that has turned Wall Street from a bull to a bear market almost overnight.

The change in mood has been caused by fears about America’s persistent trade deficit, now $15.7 billion (£8.4 billion), a 40 per cent depreciation in the value of the dollar over the past year and the spectre of further increases in interest rates.

DeLorean Shutdown Hits Belfast Hard

1982 The announcement by the Northern Ireland Office that the De Lorean sports car plant at Dunmurry is to close has brought further despondency to Belfast, which has the highest unemployment rate in the UK (21 per cent). Some £70 million ($129.5 million) of taxpayers’ money was injected into the project, the brainchild of American entrepreneur John de Lorean.

The car built at the factory was a revolutionary stainless steel gull-winged design for the American market.

The receivers were called in eight months ago.

The company’s demise has been blamed on undercapitalization and a deep recession in the US market.

The high salaries paid to De Lorean executives and the cost of running a suite of offices in New York were also contributory factors.

Some 1,500 jobs will be lost as a result of the closure.

1897 George Mortimer Pullman, the US industrialist and inventor of the Pullman sleeping car, died in Chicago.

He was 66.

The first and most famous of the sleeping cars that would become synonymous with his name was Pioneer, built in 1863 with the help of his friend Ben Field.

In 1867 Pullman set up the Pullman Palace Car Company to lease his cars to the railroad companies; he built the town of Pullman to house his employees.

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