October 20 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 20.

October 20

Events on October 20

1818 Britain and the US establish a border across the 49th Parallel.

1822 The first edition of The Sunday Times was published in Britain.

1827 In Greece the Battle of Navarino comes to an end as British, French and Russian fleets annihilate the Turkish and Egyptian fleets.

1911 Roald Amundsen of Norway and four companions leave the Bay of Whales on the east side of Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf for the South Pole; they are on skis and have dog sleds carrying necessities.

1943 The UN War Crimes commission is formed.

1944 General MacArthur returns to the Philippines with 2,50,000 troops to fulfil the promise he made when his forces retreated from the Japanese.

1949 Britain recognizes the People’s Republic of China under Chairman Mao.

1973 Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson resigns in connection with the Watergate Scandal.

1994 Death of Burt Lancaster, Hollywood actor whose long film career included Elmer Gantry.

2001 A fishing boat sinks off the coast of Australia, drowning 350 refugees.

Famous Birthdays on October 20

Sir Christopher Wren 1632, English architect famous for many major English buildings including St Paul’s Cathedral in London.

Thomas Hughes 1822, English author of Tom Brown’s Schooldays.

Bela Lugosi 1884, Hungarian actor who settled in the US and became the master of the horror film, first appearing in the title role of Dracula.

Dame Anna Neagle 1904, British actress and former chorus dancer who starred in many films, including Victoria the Great and Nurse Edith Cavell.

Danny Boyle 1956, English filmmaker who directed Trainspotting and won an Oscar in 2008 for Slumdog Millionaire.

Quotes from Legendary

One starts to get young at the age of sixty and then it's too late.

- Pablo Picasso, 1963.

Historical News on October 20

War Is Upon Us

War is upon us on October 20
War is upon us

1962 Simultaneous attacks by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army on the Chip Chap Valley in Aksai Chin, and the Namka Chu River in the North-Eastern Frontier Area (NEFA) today, may lead to an all-out war between India and China.

Relations between the two nations have been tense for the past few years, since India granted asylum to the Dalai Lama who had fled Tibet during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.

Relations in the 1950s had become amicable and both countries had begun negotiating on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, a plan to settle disputes over the Johnson (Askai Chin) and McMahon lines (NEFA).

But Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s decision to accord the Dalai Lama asylum enraged Chairman Mao Tse-tung, and relations swiftly disintegrated.

Minor skirmishes along the border lines may grow to warlike levels.

Fighting in the northern theatre is expected to take place on Aksai Chin, at one of the highest altitudes (4,250 m) ever fought on.

Mao's March of Destiny

1935 364 days ago military pressure by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-Shek forced the evacuation of Kiangsi Province, where the Communists, under Mao Tse-tung had established their Chinese Soviet Republic.

An estimated 90,000 people began the migration to the relative safety of Shensi Province on the Yellow River.

Today the survivors of that long and arduous march through difficult mountain terrain reached their destination.

More than half the marchers perished during the 6,000-mile (9,600-km) journey.

The first task for Communist leader Mao Tse-tung will be to organize a strong defensive position. Shensi has the potential to provide a more secure power base for the Communists, but only if its defences can thwart future Nationalist attacks.

General Hodges on October 20
General Hodges

1944 The US First Army, commanded by General Hodges, has announced that the German city of Aachen is now firmly in its control after a battle lasting over a week.

More than 10,000 prisoners have been taken.

The city is the first major German centre to fall to the Allies in its attempted push bronch the Siegtredine Line.

Much of the ancient city has been destroyed.

Lawrence's "Lover" Gets Britain Buzzing

1960 Writer D.H. Lawrence’s last novel, Lady Chatterley’s Lover, the unexpurgated version of which has been banned in England for the past 30 years, is the subject of a court case which opened in London today.

Penguin Books have been prosecuted for publishing Lawrence’s original full text, deemed by the Crown to be obscene.

To equip them for the case, the jury has been told to read the book.

The nation awaits their verdict.

A Chance to Serve

1915 Less than three months after 30,000 women marched down Whitehall shouting the slogan “We demand the right to serve”, Prime Minister David Lloyd George granted them their wish.

The war now raging in Europe has left Britain with a labour shortfall and given women the opportunity to step into the breach.

Most areas of employment will now receive a large influx of women.

Government departments have vacancies for 2,00,000, private offices for about half a million, and agriculture and engineering a million between them.

Trams and buses up and down the country are to team a male driver with a female conductor.

Trade unionists are concerned lest the move depresses wages.

Grenada Explodes

1983 Maurice Bishop, prime minister of the tiny Caribbean island of Grenada since 1979, was shot dead yesterday in St George’s, the capital.

He was 39.

Last week the conflict between Bishop and his even more hard-line Marxist colleague, Bernard Coard, the deputy prime minister, came to a head.

When an attempt to remove Bishop from head office failed, he was put under house arrest.

Bishop was released by supporters and then gunned down by the army in a bloody confrontation on the streets.

The education minister, Jacqueline Creft, the mother of Bishop’s five-year-old son, Vladimir, was also killed.

The United States had no love for the Bishop regime.

The more ideologically-inclined Bernard Coard will be even less to their liking.

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