October 23 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 23.

October 23

Events on October 23

1642 Charles I’s Cavaliers clash with Oliver Cromwell’s Parliamentary Roundheads in fierce fighting at the Battle of Edgehill in the Cotswolds.

1812 An anti Napoleonic faction in Pans tries to mount a coup d’etat, believing Napoleon to be dead in Russia.

1915 Death of legendary English cricketer WG. Grace.

1921 Death of John Boyd Dunlop. Scottish veterinary surgeon who invented the pneumatic bicycle tyre.

1926 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party.

1950 Death of American singer and entertainer Al Jalsan.

1954 Entain, the US, France and the USSR agree to end the Occupation of Germany and allow West Germany to enter NATO.

1970 American daredevil Gary Gavelich breaks the world land speed record in his rocket propelled car “Blue Flame”, driving at 631.367 mph (approximately 1010 kph) on Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah.

1989 62 members of the Lebanese parliament signed an agreement to distribute power equally between the Muslims and Christians.

Famous Birthdays on October 23

Pierre Larousse 1817, French lexicographer and encyclopedist.

Robert Bridges 1844. English poet, playwright and prose writer who was a physician in London for 13 years and eventually became Poet Laureate in 1913.

Johnny Carson 1925, American entertainer and leading chat show host.

Diana Dors 1931. British actress and post-war sex-symbol whose films include Yield to the Night and There’s a Girl in my Soup.

Pelé 1940, Brazilian football player who began playing internationally at the age of 16 and scored more than 1000 goals during his long professional career.

Quotes from Legendary

It's a funny kind of month, October. For the really keen cricket fan it's when you discover that your wife left you in May.
- Denis Norden, British humorist, 1972.

Quotes from Legendary

The man that hath not music in himself Nor is not moved with concord of Sweet sounds Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils...

- William Shakespeare in The Merchant of Venice.

Historical News on October 23

Lester Gets The Ultimate Handicap

Lester gets the ultimate handicap on October 23
Lester gets the ultimate handicap

1987 Former champion flat race jockey Lester Piggott was jailed for three years by Ipswich Crown Court today after pleading guilty to charges of tax evasion.

Piggott, S1, had amassed a fortune of some £120 million ($37 million) during his 30-year career as a lockey while at the same time evalling HM tax inspectors to the tune of £3.1 million ($5.7 million).

His magic touch on the turt brought him more than 4000 winners and the jockeys’ championship 11 times.

He was one of the few lockeys to make a successful transition to race horse training.

His wife will run the stables during his absence.

Sexual Slavery No Longer Legal

1991 A husband’s immunity from a charge of rape under British law was consigned to the dustbin of history today.

Five Law Lords have ruled that the statement by 18th-century Chief Justice Sir Matthew Hale that “by their mutual matrimonial consent and contract the wife hath given herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract”, forms no part of English law.

The decision upholds a Court of Appeal ruling in March that the marital exemption from prosecution was an “anachronistic and offensive fiction”.

Women Against Rape, the pressure group that has campaigned for reform since 1977, said the decision overturned “250 years of legal sexual slavery”.

Ny Opera Lovers Build Own Theatre

1883 A small group of wealthy New Yorkers realized their dream last night at the opening of the new Metropolitan Opera House at Broadway and 34th Street.

Frustrated at not being able to get boxes for the opera season at the Academy of Music, they decided to finance their own opera house Last night’s musical offering was Gounod’s Funst, with Christine Nilsson in the role of Marguerite, Architect Josiah Cleaveland Cady has provided luxurious furnishings for the 3,000-seater auditorium.

His inexperience as a theatre designer may soon begin to show at the sharp end, however.

Doubts have already been raised about the adequacy of the stage equipment and the backstage facilities.

1906 The Brazilian aviator and inventor Alberto Santos Dumont won the Deutsch-Archdeacon Prize today for making the first officially observed powered flight in Europe.

Santos-Dumont performed the feat in an aircraft of his own design, a biplane called the 14-bis.

The next project on his agenda is a design for a new monoplane.

He first won the Deutsche Prize five years ago, flying his airship from St Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back again in 30 minutes to collect a handsome prize and an award from the Brazilian government.

TB Pioneer Wins Nobel Prize

1952 The Ukrainian-born microbiologist Selman A. Waksman has been awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for discovering the antibiotic Streptomycin, an agent effective in the treatment of tuberculosis.

A naturalized US citizen, Waksman, 64 has spent most of his career at Rutgers University.

He and his team succeeded in extracting streptomycin from soil cultures in 1944.

Subsequent clinical trials confirmed their belief that it would be effective against the microorganism that causes tuberculosis.

Field Marshall Rommel's Afrika Korps on October 23
Field Marshall Rommel's Afrika Korps

1942 The British Eighth Army today opened a massive offensive against Field Marshall Rommel’s Afrika Korps at El Alamein.

British field commander General Bernard Montgomery has targeted Rommel’s gun emplacements, which have been pounded with air and artillery fire.

Since the inconclusive first battle of Alamein in July, the British have been resupplied and brought up to strength (2,30,000).

The Axis forces number just 80,000.

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