October 25 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 25.

October 25

Events on October 25

1556 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, retires to a Spanish monastery, dividing his possessions between his son and his brother.

1647 Death of the Italian inventor of the barometer, Evangelista Torricelli.

1760 Death of King George II of England.

1839 The world’s first railway timetable was published in Manchester.

1900 The British annexed the mineral-rich territory of the Transvaal, especially renowned for its gold.

1906 American professor Lee de Forest patents the three-diode amplification valve.

1936 A radio station in Berlin broadcasts the first radio request programme called You Ask – We Play.

1952 The US blocks Communist China’s entry to the UN for the third year running.

1971 Taiwan was expelled from the UN to allow the People’s Republic of China to join.

1976 The Queen officially opens the National Theatre on London’s South Bank.

Famous Birthdays on October 25

Lord Macaulay 1800, English Liberal MP and a member of the supreme council of India from 1834 to 1838 who pressed for parliamentary reform and the abolition of slavery.

Johann Strauss the Younger 1825, Austrian composer best known for his waltzes such as the ever popular “The Blue Danube”, and for operettas such as Die Fledermaus.

Georges Bizet 1838, French composer of the internationally famous opera Carmen, which he completed shortly before dying from heart disease.

Pablo Picasso 1881, Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, ceramicist and designer, one of the greatest and most versatile 20th-century artists.

Quotes from Legendary

Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs not to reason why.
Theirs but to do and die:
Into the Valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.

- Alfred, Lord Tennyson, British poet, on the Charge of the Light Brigade, which took place today, 1854.

Historical News on October 25

1986 The British satirical fortnightly magazine Private Eye celebrates its 25th birthday today.

Originally a magazine filled with jokes and parodies, it broadened its content two years after its launch in 1961.

Editor Richard Ingrams decided to unearth and print the scandal and gossip that other papers would no doubt love to, but dare not.

This decision has won the magazine mixed reactions from victims and critics.

France's Finest Fail

1415 The defeat of France’s finest at the hands of an invading English army under King Henry V has brought to a violent end the lull in hostilities between the two countries.

Henry landed in France two months ago with the intention of reclaiming lost English lands.

The English magnates accompanying him on this new adventure are indulging to the full their love of fighting.

The English were close to exhaustion when the French caught up with them at Agincourt, but had the advantage of being lightly armoured and more mobile than the opposition.

Knee-deep in mud and weighed down by heavy armour the French were cut to ribbons.

By the end of the day they had lost a dozen high-ranking nobleman, some 1,500 knights and about 4,500 men-at-arms.

English losses were by comparison negligible.

Glorious, But Totally Pointless

Glorious but totally pointless on October 25
Glorious but totally pointless

1854 A misunderstanding resulted in heavy British losses for no strategic gain in the Crimea.

The incident occurred at Balaclava where the Russians were attempting to disrupt the siege of Sevastopol by attacking the British lines of communication.

After the British had repulsed the move, their commander.

Lord Raglan, noted that the Russians were trying to evacuate some British-made Turkish guns.

He sent instructions for the Light Brigade to capture them.

Visibility was very poor and the only guns that Lucan, the divisional cavalry commander, could see were in the main Russian battery at the end of the North Valley.

Believing this to be the objective, he ordered his brother-in-law, Lord Cardigan, to lead the Light Brigade in the charge against it.

Despite suffering high casualties – 247 men killed or wounded and 475 horses lost – the Brigade succeeded in reaching the battery and scattering the Russian gunners.

The cavalrymen’s gallant but futile action was summed up neatly by General Bosquet: “C’est magnifique, mais ce n’est pas la guerre”.

NY Joins Lakes

1825 The future prosperity of the American upper Midwest region seems assured with the opening today of the Erie Canal, which connects the Great Lakes with New York City via the Hudson river.

Under pressure from Governor DeWitt Clinton the New York state legislature agreed in 1817 to foot the $7 million (£3.7 million) construction bill.

The decision is expected to pay handsome trade dividends to New York, which will now be regarded as the most important port on the Atlantic seaboard.

The Canal is 363 miles (584 km) long, 40 ft (12 m) wide and 4 ft (1.2 m) deep and has 82 locks to cross the rise in elevation.

Chaucer Tails Off

Chaucer tails off on October 25
Chaucer tails off

1400 Geoffrey Chaucer, the courtier, diplomat, civil servant and poet, died at his home in the gardens of Westminster Abbey.

He found little time for writing until the 1380s when the pressures of the unsettled political situation in England seem to have encouraged him to seek relief in that direction.

The much praised love poem Troylus and Cryseyde dates from this period.

At the time of his death Chaucer was working on a poem about a group of pilgrims journeying to the shrine of Thomas á Becket at Canterbury who pass the time by telling stories.

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