October 26 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 26.

October 26

Events on October 26

1860 Guiseppe Garibaldi, Italian soldier and hero of the Italian movement for unification, proclaims Victor Emmanuel King of Italy.

1954 An assassination attempt on Egyptian Prime Minister Gamal Abdel Nasser fails.

1955 The underground American newspaper Village Voice is first published, backed by Norman Mailer.

1956 The Hungarian rebellion against Soviet rule is crushed.

1958 Pan American Boeing 707 jets and BOAC Comet airliners start flying regular jet services across the Atlantic.

1973 President Nixon prepares to launch World War Ill after hearing that the Russians are sending arms to the Middle East War.

1986 Jeffrey Archer resigns as deputy chairman of the British Conservative Party following allegations that he had paid a prostitute to make her leave the country in order to avoid a scandal.

1988 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev promises to free all political prisoners by the end of the year.

Famous Birthdays on October 26

Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti 1685, Italian composer and harpsichordist who composed more than 600 sonatas.

Leon Trotsky 1879, Russian communist leader who, with Lenin, organized the October Revolution, was forced into exile by Stalin, sentenced to death in a Soviet court and murdered in Mexico, where he had found asylum.

Jackie Coogan 1914, American child actor whose case against his parents, who withheld his earnings from him as a child and would not allow him access after he came of age, led to a law known as the Coogan Act, which protects child stars in the US.

François Mitterand 1919, French President from 1981, founder of the French Socialist Party.

Quotes from Legendary

In free society art is not a weapon .. Artists are not engineers of the soul.

- John F. Kennedy, US president, 1963.

Quotes from Legendary

The love of money is the root of all evil.

- 1 Timothy, Chapter six, verse 10.

Historical News on October 26

Beatles at Buck House

Beatles at Buck house on October 26
Beatles at Buck house

1965 The four members of the Beatles pop group were formally presented with their MBEs by Queen Elizabeth at Buckingham Palace today.

The Fab Four were probably relieved not to find a picket of irate war veterans and other pillars of the British establishment waiting for them outside the Palace gates.

Some returned their Medals of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in response to the announcement in June that the Beatles were to receive the same honour.

Prime Minister Harold Wilson included the group in his Honours List.

His decision is thought to reflect his desire for popularity rather than his taste in music.

Moscow Theatre Siege Ends In Tragedy

2002 The Moscow theatre siege has come to an end with the deaths of most of the rebels and more than 100 of the hostages.

On the day the rebels were due to start executing hostages, Russian special forces pumped a paralysing gas into the auditorium.

The authorities have declined to identify the gas which killed so many and hospitalized hundreds of others.

Chechen separatist rebels stormed the building three days ago and have since held the 850-strong audience hostage, threatening to blow up the building unless the Russian authorities called an end to the war in Chechnya.

Among the militants were a number of veiled women with explosives strapped to their bodies.

President Putin has made a televised statement asking the nation for forgiveness for the civilian deaths.

Kashmir Makes a Big Decison

Beatles at Buck house on October 26
Beatles at Buck house

1947 The passing of the Indian Independence Act put an end to British Paramountcy, transferring power back to the 460 Princely States within the geographical boundaries of India.

Jammu and Kashmir, under Maharaja Sri Hari Singh, effectively became an independent state of India on August 15, 1947.

The Maharaja had few choices before him: to accede to either of the newly created states of India or Pakistan, or attempt to survive as an independent country.

Since few democratic instruments exist within the state, a popular referendum of any sort is highly unlikely.

Hence, he has signed an Instrument of Accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India, which has been duly accepted by the Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten, formally making Jammu and Kashmir a state of independent India.

Norway Goes Her Own Way

1905 As of today Norway is a truly independent nation, its sovereignty underlined by the accession to the throne of a new king chosen, in Scandinavian style, by election.

He is Prince Charles of Denmark, second son of Frederick VIII, who will be known as Haaken VII.

The link between Norway, Denmark and Sweden dates to 1397 when Margaret I succeeded in uniting the three countries.

That union lasted some 120 years, until its dissolution by Gustav I in 1523.

Norway was then ruled by Danish governors until 1814 when the country was ceded to Sweden under the terms of the Treaty of Kiel.

Isolated voices calling for complete Norwegian independence grew into a chorus after the adoption of universal suffrage in 1898.

Doubt Over Serial Killings

1440 After one of the most extraordinary trials in French history, nobleman and valiant soldier Gilles de Rais, 36, went to the gallows in Nantes today.

He was charged with a catalogue of crimes by two courts: satanism and heresy were levelled against him by a Church court; abduction, torture and murder by a civic court.

His 140 or so alleged victims were children.

The courts were told that despite inheriting great wealth and extensive lands, Rais’ extravagant lifestyle had landed him in financial difficulties.

Rais turned to alchemy and satanism in the hope that these would help him secure more riches.

The accused changed his plea to guilty under the threat of torture.

Some observers believe that the case against Rais was only slim and was brought because of pressure from the powerful Duke of Burgundy, who had a financial stake in his ruin.

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