October 27 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 27.

October 27

Events on October 27

1505 Death of Ivan the Great (Ivan III), the first Tsar of Russia.

1662 Charles Il of England sells Dunkirk to Louis XIV for 21/2 million livres.

1792 French troops invade the Austrian Netherlands.

1871 Britain annexed the diamond region of Griqualand West in South Africa.

1936 Mrs Wallis Simpson is granted a divorce from her second husband.

1953 British gunboats foil a leftist coup in British Guiana.

1971 The Republic of the Congo changes its name to the Republic of Zaire.

1986 The deregulation of the money market brings about a “big bang” in the City of London.

Famous Birthdays on October 27

Captain James Cook 1728, English navigator whose voyages of discovery in the ship Endeavour led to the European discovery of Australia, New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands.

Niccolò Paganini 1782, Italian virtuoso violinist and composer.

Theodore Roosevelt 1858 American statesman and President who won the Nobel Peace prize for his efforts in ending the Russo-Japanese war.

Dylan Thomas 1914, British poet whose first work, Under Milk Wood, spoken in the Welsh idiom, began as a radio play and has since been staged and filmed as well.

Roy Lichtenstein 1923, American painter and pioneer of Pop Art with his magnified comic strip pictures.

Sylvia Plath 1932, American poet and novelist who wrote the autobiographical The Bell Jar and was married to British poet Ted Hughes, committing suicide a year after their separation.

John Cleese 1939, British comedian who established himself as a cult figure with the Monty Python team on British television, and gained wider fame in the film A Fish Called Wanda.

Quotes from Legendary

I want to take this occasion to say that the United States will never again seek one additional foot of territory by conquest.

- Woodrow Wilson, US president, 1913.

Quotes from Legendary

Christ in this country would quite likely have been arrested under the Suppression of Communism Act.

- Joost de Blank, South African churchman, 1963.

Historical News on October 27

Reagan Defends Grenada Invasion

Reagan defends Grenada invasion on October 27
Reagan defends Grenada invasion

1983 US President Ronald Reagan has defended his decision to send a 2,000-strong force of Marines and Army Rangers into the Caribbean island of Grenada.

The invasion, he said, had saved the country from becoming a “Soviet-Cuban colony”.

The seven-nation expeditionary force is now in control.

A spokesperson for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States said that concern about the military build-up in Grenada prompted the member states to ask the US for help.

The further destabilization caused by the overthrow of Grenada’s PM Maurice Bishop earlier this month was the final straw.

Beyond the Caribbean the invasion is seen as a violation of international law.

Quakers Can't Shake Off Persecution

1659 If the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers as they are more commonly called, hoped to find respite from persecution in the New World, they must have been deeply disappointed.

The latest arrivals have been flogged from settlement to settlement and refused admittance wherever they have tried to establish homes.

Four Quakers, including a woman, Mary Dyer, were hanged in Boston today.

So deep is the antipathy towards the sect’s non-conformist religious beliefs and social customs that the only answer would seem to be for them to live in their own separate part of the country.

1904 New York, usually a trendsetter, has fallen behind Boston in its attempts to develop a successful subway transport system.

Things may change, though, with the inauguration today of a new subway line from City Hall to Broadway and 145th Street.

1810 President Madison took a direct hand in deciding at least one of the boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase, sold to the US by France.

Unbeknown to Congress, which is in recess, he has decided that West Florida is also part of the Purchase and has ordered troops to annex it forthwith.

The Spanish will be keeping a weather eye open in Texas for similar moves there.

Hogarth's Hanover Cure

Hogarth's Hanover cure on October 27
Hogarth's Hanover cure

1764 The engraver and caricaturist William Hogarth died at his house in Leicester Fields, London, aged 67.

A Londoner born and bred, Hogarth was from an early age a keen observer of city life and human behaviour.

He placed little value on formal training in art and instead trained his visual memory.

For fun he produced a series of engravings about contemporary life, moral yet amusing tales about the follies and nastiness of Hanoverian society.

These were an instant hit with the public.

Aware that his work would become a target for “art pirates”, Hogarth pushed for legislation to protect artists’ copyright – the so-called Hogarth Act, passed by Parliament in 1735.

Hogarth also supported worthwhile causes, such as St Bartholomew’s Hospital, of which he was a governor, and the Foundling Hospital.

Commons Votes For Euro-Vision

1971 Ten years of campaigning to persuade his own Conservative Party and the country that Britain’s future prosperity lies within the European Economic Community are beginning to bear fruit for Prime Minister Edward Heath In a historic vote, the House of Commons backed the Heath Cabinet’s decision to apply for membership of the Community by a margin of 132 votes.

The EEC aims to promote the social and economic integration of Western Europe by working towards the gradual elimination of all trade and customs barriers and the establishment of common price levels and monetary union.

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