October 28 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on October 28.

October 28

Events on October 28

1746 An earthquake completely destroys Lima and Callao in Peru.

1899 Death of Otto Morgenthaler, German inventor of the Linotype machine.

1914 George Eastman announces a colour photographic process, following his invention in 1888 of the Kodak camera, containing wind-on celluloid film replacing the paper-based film he patented in 1884.

1958 The state opening of the British parliament was televised for the first time.

1975 Death of French boxer Georges Carpentier, world light heavyweight champion from 1920 to 1922.

1977 Yorkshire police announce that a multiple murderer is on the loose in Britain.

1982 40-year-old Felipe González becomes Spain’s first Socialist prime minister with a landslide victory.

Famous Birthdays on October 28

Robert Listen 1794, Scottish doctor who performed the first operation in Britain on an anaesthetized patient.

Evelyn Waugh 1903, British journalist and satirical novelist, author of Brideshead Revisited and The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold.

Francis Bacon 1909, British painter who began his career as an interior decorator in London and had no formal art training.

Sir Richard Doll 1912, British cancer researcher who proved the link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer.

Cleo Laine 1927, British singer and actress who became internationally famous following a series of US tours.

Bill Gates 1955, American businessman who founded Microsoft in 1975 and became the world’s richest man from 1995-2007.

Julia Roberts 1967, American film actress famous for her roles in Pretty Woman and Erin Brocovich.

Historical News on October 28

Liberty Belle

liberty belle on October 28
liberty belle

1886 The largest present ever sent to the American people was inaugurated on Liberty Island in the Upper Bay of New York Harbour today by President Grover Cleveland.

Weighing 225 tons and measuring over 151 ft (49 m) high without its pedestal, the gift – a statue called Liberty Enlightening the World – commemorates the friendship of the peoples of France and the US.

French historian Edouard de Laboulaye suggested the idea at the end of the American Civil War.

Funds were raised from public donations in France and work began under the sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi.

The bright beacon will also make a useful navigation aid.

Krushchev Forced To Blink By JFK

1962 The world breathed a collective sigh of relief today when it was confirmed that the Soviet leader, Nikita Krushchev, had informed President Kennedy that work on the missile sites under construction in Cuba would be halted and that the missiles already delivered would be shipped back to the USSR.

Krushchev has also offered to allow the UN to carry out on-the-spot inspections to check that the installations have been removed.

The US will no doubt rely on its own U-2 spy planes for such confirmation.

The US has been on a war footing for the past week, underlining Kennedy’s determination not to allow alien missiles on America’s doorstep.

1831 Physicist and chemist Michael Faraday has succeeded in inventing a device that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

After discovering that a current of electricity could be generated by plunging a magnet into a coil of wire, he set about trying to generate a steady current.

He achieved this by spinning a copper disc between the poles of a magnet.

The 40-year-old Englishman left school at 14 and was offered a job by Humphrey Davy, director of the Royal Institution’s laboratory.

Wales Wails

1988 The Prince of Wales renewed his attack on modern architectural thinking and planning in a BBC television programme broadcast today.

The film took the form of a royal tour of Britain’s architectural black and white spots.

Two examples of the “terrible damage” that had been done to the inner-city landscape were Birmingham’s Bullring and Convention Centre and London’s Paternoster Square.

A spokesman for Birmingham Council called the Prince’s criticism of his city as a “stab in the back from someone in an ivory tower”.

Among the white spots were Kirkgate Old Market in Leeds and the Ministry of Health in Whitehall.

The president elect of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Max Hutchinson, said that the Prince’s thinking was “strangely nostalgic and… out of time with current architectural thought and criticism”.

Harvard Grant To Set Up American Oxbridge

Harvard grant to set up American Oxbridge on October 28
Harvard grant to set up American Oxbridge

1638 The future of the college established in Cambridge, Massachusetts, by Puritan emigrants from England two years ago has been assured by a generous bequest.

The college is to receive some 400 volumes and £779 17s 2d (approximately $1,440) from the estate of Mr John Harvard, assistant pastor of the First Church of Charleston, who died of tuberculosis last month at the age of 31.

The donation will certainly help the college fathers towards achieving their aim of providing an education that is the equal of Oxford or Cambridge in England.

On October 28, 1636 the General Court of Massachusetts founded the college on the comparatively modest sum of £400 ($740).

Harvard’s generosity is worth a lasting gesture of thanks.

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