September 02 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 02.

September 02

Events on September 02

1834 Death of Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer and canal and ridge builder.

1858 The anonymous song “The Yellow Rose of Texas” is copyrighted in New York.

1865 Boundary disputes end between the British settlers and the Maori Kingitanga in New Zealand.

1870 Louis Napoleon hands his sword to Kaiser William of Prussia, defeated after 40 days of war that confirms Germany as the most powerful nation in Europe.

1910 Death of “Le Douanier” Henri Rousseau, French primitive painter and customs officer, best known for his jungle scenes.

1937 Death of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympic Games.

1942 The German SS destroys the Warsaw Ghetto, killing 50,000 Jews.

1945 Ho Chi Minh became President of the newly declared North Vietnam Republic.

1958 South Africa’s new premier Hendrik Verwoerd promises to strengthen apartheid.

1976 The European Court of Human Rights says that the British torture Ulster detainees.

1979 Death of Felix Aylmer, British stage and screen actor.

1980 Canadian Terry Fox, with an artificial leg, completes a 3,000 mile (4,800 km) run and raises $24 million (£13 million).

1987 Philips launched the CD-video.

1988 Chilean exiles led by Salvador Allende’s daughter return to Santiago.

2001 Death of heart transplant Barnard.

Famous Birthdays on September 02

John Howard 1726, English prison reformer who campaigned for sanitary improvements and wages for gaolers.

Jimmy Connors 1952, American tennis player.

Lennox Lewis 1965, British former undisputed World Heavyweight champion boxer.

Quotes from Legend

Though Tolkien lived in the 20th century he can scarcely be called a modern writer. His roots were buried deep in early literature, and the major names in 20thcentury writing meant little or nothing to him.

- Humphrey Carpenter, English writer, 1979.

Historical News on September 02

Viet Minh Boss Goes For Broke

viet minh boss goes for broke on September 02
viet minh boss goes for broke

1945 Nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi today, with himself as first President.

Ho’s Viet Minh guerrilla army marched into the capital last week when the Japanese withdrew from Vietnam after four years of occupation.

Ho and other nationalists formed the Communist Viet Minh – the League for the Independence of Vietnam – in 1941, and have fought alone against the Japanese.

Ho was trained in Moscow, was a founding member of the French Communist Party and founded the Indo-Chinese Communist Party in 1930.

The British arrested him in Shanghai, and he was a thorn in the side of the French colonial government in Vietnam before the war.

Ho Chi Minh has wide public support, but France has no intention of giving up Indochina and is not likely to recognize the new republic.

World’s Worst War Ends

1945 Japan formally surrendered today to Supreme Allied Commander General Douglas MacArthur aboard the aircraft carrier USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, and World War Two ended.

Flanked by military leaders, the frock-coated Japanese foreign minister signed the unconditional surrender announced by Emperor Hirohito last month after US atomic bombs obliterated the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The capitulation is almost as humiliating for Japan as her defeat – according to the martial code of bushido, only cowards surrender; warriors choose death.

US forces are now occupying Japan while final mopping-up operations continue in Southeast Asia.

In a radio broadcast after today’s ceremony, MacArthur expressed the hope that a better world would emerge from the carnage – and warned: “We have had our last chance.

If we do not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door.”

Warring Dervishes Mown Down At Will

1898 General Sir Herbert Kitchener’s 25,000-man Anglo Egyptian army slaughtered a huge Mahdist dervish army at Omdurman in Sudan today.

At least 10,000 dervish warriors were killed. They fought bravely but were simply mown down by Kitchener’s Maxim machine guns.

Kitchener lost 500 men.

Thus ends 14 years of dervish rule after the Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad, massacred General Charles Gordon and his entire garrison at Khartoum in 1885.

Prussian Blues

1792 More than a thousand people died in Paris today as fear of the advancing Prussian army degenerated into a drunken orgy of killing.

The mob set out to execute alleged traitors and royalists, still held in prison but ended up killing anyone in their way.

Prisons were sacked and the inmates hacked to death. Some were subjected to mock trials with only one verdict: death.

Most of the victims have been ordinary criminals.

The rioting continues tonight.

Tolkien Departs Middle Earth

tolkien departs middle earth on September 02
tolkien departs middle earth

1973 J.R.R. Tolkien, Oxford scholar of mediaeval English, died today aged 81.

He will be remembered for the story he wrote for his children about the adventures of Bilbo Baggins, a furry-footed hobbit who lived in a burrow in the Shire, a bucolic idyll of Anglo-Saxon Britain.

The tale grew into a saga of warriors and wizards, elves, demons, trolls and goblins locked in an awesome struggle of good and evil, with the fate of Middle Earth hanging on a lost ring – the ring of the chillingly evil dark lord Sauron.

Tolkien published his Lord of the Rings in 1955, but it was not until the 1960s that anybody really noticed the book.

The otherworldly Tolkien suddenly found himself the revered guru of a whole generation of flower children, their psychedelic idyll threatened by the evil lord Nixon and his military industrial complex.

Tolkien cared little – he was scarcely aware of the modern world outside of his imagination.

Other books include The Hobbit, and the rings saga continues in The Silmarillion, to be published posthumously.

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