September 03 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 03.

September 03

Events on September 03

1650 The Scots are defeated by the English at Dunbar.

1651 The army of Charles II of England is beaten by Oliver Cromwell’s army in a battle at Worcester.

1883 Death of Russian novelist and playwright Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev, who wrote A Month in the Country.

1930 The first non-stop flight from Paris to New York was made by Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte.

1939 New Zealand, Australia, Britain and France declare war on Germany after Germany’s invasion of Poland on September 1.

1950 The first world driving championship was won by Nino Farina of Italy at the Monza Grand Prix.

1966 Captain John Ridgway and Chay Blyth complete their journey across the Atlantic in a rowing boat in 91 days, landing on the Isle of Aran in Ireland.

1969 Ho Chi Minh, President of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War, dies after a heart attack.

1976 The American spacecraft Viking II lands on Mars and sends photographs back to Earth.

1980 The opening night of the tragedy Macbeth at London’s Old Vic, starring Peter O’Toole, has the audience roaring with laughter.

Famous Birthdays on September 03

Matthew Boulton 1728, English engineer who invented and manufactured the steam engine with James Watt.

Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet 1899, Australian virologist who was awarded the Order of Merit in recognition of his work on diseases such as influenza, polio and cholera.

Alan Ladd 1913, American leading film actor whose films include This Gun For Hire and Shane.

Kiran Desai 1971, Indian author whose novel The Inheritance of Loss won the Man Booker Prize in 2006.

Quotes from Legend

It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees.

- Dolores Ibarruri, Spanish politician, 1936.

Historical News on September 03

Lionheart Grabs English Throne

lionheart grabs english throne on September 03
lionheart grabs english throne

1189 Richard the Lionheart received his father’s crown at Westminster today and became King Richard I of England.

Richard’s first royal act was to free his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, from the tower where King Henry II imprisoned her 16 years ago for supporting their warring sons in a rebellion against their father.

Richard, Duke of Aquitaine in France, rebelled again, forcing the ailing Henry to conclude a humiliating peace earlier this year.

Henry’s favourite son, John, was amongst the rebels, and in July Henry died, brokenhearted.

The King’s last words to Richard were a prayer for revenge on his son and heir, who subsequently wept tears of remorse over his father’s coffin.

Richard, a petty and quarrelsome man who loves a fight, is looking to his new kingdom to finance a third Christian crusade to the Holy Land.

America United in State of Freedom

1783 Britain finally recognized the independence of the United States of America today.

The Treaty of Paris marks the end of the American Revolution following two years of secret negotiations between a beleaguered Britain and the colonial rebels.

In an unprecedented war, Britain sent an army of 60,000 to fight a populous and well-armed people on their own ground.

However France, Spain and Holland all sided with the rebels.

The decisive blow came when rebel commander-in-chief George Washington trapped Lord Cornwallis’s army in Yorktown, forcing him to render with 7000 men.

The war lingered on, but the colonies were already severed from the empire.

The new nation has emerged from its revolution with a burgeoning sense of freedom and purpose.

captain leefe robinson on September 03
captain leefe robinson

1916 England was raided tonight by 13 German Zeppelin airships, and a British fighter pilot, Captain Leefe Robinson, shot one of them down near London – the first of the giant bombers destroyed by the Flying Corps.

The airship crashed in flames in Hertfordshire, Two people were killed and 13 hurt in the raids.

Chechuan Separatists Hold School Hostage

2004 Russian forces stormed a school in Beslan, North Ossetia, where Chechen separatists were holding more than 1,000 people hostage, leading to the deaths of 331.

The Islamic terrorists had taken the school two days earlier, demanding an end to the Second Chechen War.

The hostages were crammed into a small gym and surrounded by mines and bombs connected together by cables.

A series of explosions shook the school, leading to a devastating fire and a chaotic gunbattle as the Russian security forces stormed in.

There were 186 children among those who died, and 700 people were injured.

The government has been criticised for its ineffectual negotiations with the gunmen, its use of excessive force and its repression and censorship of the media.

Civil War Victor Dies

1658 Oliver Cromwell, Puritan Lord Protector of the English Commonwealth, died today of ague at the age of 60.

His son, Richard, succeeds him.

Following his civil war victories, Cromwell was made Lord Protector five years ago with army support.

His austere military rule made him unpopular in his own country, though he rebuilt the national prestige: he defeated Holland and Spain and made England a great power with overseas possessions, reformed the law, established religious freedom and allowed Jews to settle while protecting Protestants abroad.

Cromwell dismissed his second parliament in February, and has ruled alone since then.

These last months have been filled with plots and rumours of plots.

Colonel Titus even published a book entitled Killing No Murder, openly advising Cromwell’s assassination.

The strain told on his failing health, and the sudden death of his daughter was an added blow, from which he never recovered.

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