September 04 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 04.

September 04

Events on September 04

1791 During the French Revolution King Louis XVI is forced to approve France’s first constitution, which makes him a mere civil servant.

1797 A French army coup disposes of British-backed royalists in Paris.

1870 Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew, Emperor Napoleon III, is deposed and the Third Republic is declared in France.

1907 Death of Edvard Grieg. Norwegian composer famous for composing the incidental music for Ibsen’s play Peer Gynt.

1923 Shenandoah, the first rigid airship to be built in the United States, is launched.

1929 The BBC invites Baird Co. to carry out experimental TV transmissions.

1948 Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands abdicates in favour of her daughter Juliana.

1965 Albert Schweitzer, French medical missionary, organist and Nobel Prize winner, dies in Gabon.

1989 Death of Georges Simenon, Belgian novelist of world-wide acclaim who created the fictional detective Maigret.

Famous Birthdays on September 04

Dadabhai Naoroji 1825, Indian political and social leader, who played a key role in the formation of the Indian National Congress (INC).

Darius Milhaud 1892, French composer and one of the famous Les Six group of influential French composers, best known for his La Création du Monde.

Dawn Fraser 1937, Australian swimmer and one of the greatest ever – she broke the 100 metres freestyle record nine successive times.

Tom Watson 1949, American golfer and five-times winner of the British Open, also winning the US Masters in 1982.

Rishi Kapoor 1952, Indian film actor, producer and director.

Beyoncé Knowles 1981, American singer and actress.

Quotes from Legend

How can you bear to go further, selling products injurious to others in order to fulfil your insatiable desire?

- Lin Ze-xu, Chinese imperial commissioner, in a letter to Queen Victoria complaining about the opium trade, 1839.

Historical News on September 04

Make Light Work

1881 The best-lit factory in America opened in New York today.

The Edison Electric Light Company’s new “central power station” in Pearl Street generates enough electricity to light up 7000 of Thomas A.

Edison’s new incandescent lamps.

The company is now offering electricity for sale – power cables lead from the new plant’s 900-horsepower steam driven generators to the premises of 85 paying clients, and there is plenty of spare capacity.

Edison, 34, invented the stockbroker’s indispensable aid, the ticker-tape machine, when he was only 21, and made a small fortune.

His laboratories in New Jersey have churned out valuable inventions ever since – the quadruplex telegraph, which doubled the capacity of the lines, and two years ago the first commercially practical electric light.

Edison’s carbon-filament lamp burns for more than 40 hours and is cheaply replaced.

Kirov Star Seeks Artistic Freedom

kirov star seeks artistic freedom on September 04
kirov star seeks artistic freedom

1970 Leningrad’s famous Kirov Ballet, currently in London on a European tour, lost its brightest star today when Natalia Makarova defected.

The spectacular Makarova is widely considered the perfect ballerina.

She told reporters today that Russian ballet is stifled by politics and she is seeking artistic freedom in the west.

Makarova danced her first Giselle with Kirov in London on the company’s first European tour in 1961 – when her partner Rudolf Nureyev defected.

The Kirov’s artistic director, Konstantin Sergeyev, is reported to be furious at losing Makarova and is threatening to resign.

Makarova’s friends say there is more than artistic freedom at stake:  she has fallen in love with a westerner.

Seeds Sown In Opium War

1839 British ships fired the first shots today as the illegal opium trade in China propels the two countries towards war.

A British frigate hopelessly outmanoeuvred a fleet of lumbering Chinese junks and delivered two broadsides.

The spectacular quantities of opium shipped to China from British Bengal earn vital revenues for Britain – and are ruining China.

Earlier this year the Emperor’s commissioner, Lin Ze-xu, blockaded the British and American merchants’ warehouses in Canton, forcing them under siege to surrender 20,000 chests of the dream drug, which he then destroyed in quicklime pits, to great public acclaim.

Lin has now blockaded Canton.

In London, the belligerent foreign secretary Lord Palmerston is pushing parliament to send an expedition to force China to open its ports – in the name of free trade.

Double Death Trap

1978 Rebel guerrillas shot down a Rhodesian airliner with a Russian SAM-7 missile today, then massacred survivors.

The missile blew the starboard wing off, killing 38 of the 56 people aboard when the plane crashed in the bush.

The survivors were nursing their wounds when the guerrillas appeared and opened fire, killing a further 10 people.

The rebels – fighting Prime Minister Ian Smith’s illegal white regime – said the airliner was a “military target”.

Monza Glory For Self-Made Man

Australian Jack Brabham won the Italian Grand Prix on September 04
Australian Jack Brabham won the Italian Grand Prix

1966 Australian Jack Brabham won the Italian Grand Prix at Monza today, winning the world championship and setting a new record at the age of 40 – and he is the first world champion to win in a car he built himself.

With speeds varying between 25 and 160 mph (40 and 257 kph) on the twisting circuits, Grand Prix racing is one of the most exacting businesses there is, and Monza is one of the fastest Grand Prix courses.

1987 Mathias Rust, the West German teenager who flew his light plane from Poland straight through the Russian air defence system and landed in Moscow’s Red Square on May 28, will have plenty of time to think about his extraordinary prank.

Today a Soviet court sentenced him to four years in a labour camp.

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