September 08 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 08.

September 08

Events on September 08

1886 Thousands flock to Witwatersrand in South Africa as public gold digging is permitted.

1888 The first English Football League matches were played.

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson promises women the vote.

1954 Death of André Derain, French Post-Impressionist painter.

1962 The Chinese army infiltrates the north-east border of India, crossing the McMahon line (Tibet India boundary).

1968 Britain’s Virginia Wade beats Billie Jean King to win the first US Open Tennis Championships.

1974 US President Gerald R. Ford pardons Richard Nixon for his part in the Watergate affair.

1979 American actress Jean Seberg commits suicide after being harassed and smeared by the FBI for supporting the Black Panthers.

1990 Northern and Southern Korean delegates meet on the border for the first talks in 45 years.

2002 Pete Sampras wins a record 14th Grand Slam title at the US Open, Flushing Meadow.

Famous Birthdays on September 08

Richard I 1157, King of England known as “the Lion Heart” who began a crusade in 1190 which ended in the signing of a three year peace treaty with Muslim leader Saladin.

Siegfried Sassoon 1886, English war poet, novelist and biographer of George Meredith.

Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd 1901, South African prime minister who instituted the country’s policy of apartheid and was stabbed to death two days before his 65th birthday.

Peter Sellers 1925, English actor best known for his comedic roles, particularly as Inspector Clouseau in the Pink Panther series of films.

Asha Bhosle 1933, Indian film playback singer who has recorded songs for more than a thousand movies.

Quotes from Legend

This pictorial account of the day-to-day life of an English gamekeeper is full of considerable interest to outdoor minded readers. Unfortunately, one is obliged to wade through many pages of extraneous material. In this reviewer's opinion the book cannot take the place of J.R. Miller's Practical Gamekeeping.

- Field and Stream, journal of British country life, reviewing D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover, 1961.

Historical News on September 08

Montreal Gives In

1760 The French forces at Montreal surrendered the city to British General Jeffrey Amherst today, completing the British conquest of Canada.

The British victory ends 70 years of repeated conflict during which the American colonies were caught up in Europe’s wars.

Britain declared war on France in 1756 as part of the Seven Years’ War in Europe, and suffered a series of defeats in America until General Amherst’s forces overwhelmed the French fortress at Louisbourg in 1758.

General Amherst went on to conquer Ticonderoga and Crown Point, opening the way to Montreal.

General James Wolfe then defeated the French garrison at Quebec, with both General Wolfe and the French commander-in-chief the Marquis de Montcalm dying in the battle.

Today General Amherst attacked Montreal from three directions, quickly forcing them to surrender.

Penguin Charged for Lady Chatterley

1960 A bid by Penguin Books to publish D.H. Lawrence’s notorious novel Lady Chatterley’s Lover has brought the publishers a charge of public obscenity.

Penguin will stand trial at London’s Old Bailey next month.

The book was first published privately in Italy in 1928.

Lord Chatterley, an industrialist paralysed below the waist in the war, symbolizes the impotence of the upper classes; his wife Constance seeks solace in the arms of Mellors, His Lordship’s gamekeeper.

The prosecution says it contains 13 sexually explicit episodes with heavy use of certain Anglo-Saxon terms, Penguin, however, argues differently, saying the book is great art.

Michelangelo's David Faces Modern Goliaths

Michelangelo's David faces modern Goliaths on September 08
Michelangelo's David faces modern Goliaths

1504 Florence unveiled a magnificent symbol of its independence from its powerful neighbours today.

The 29-year-old Florentine sculptor Michelangelo Buonarotti allowed nobody to see his enormous 13-ft (4-m) marble statue, which has taken him three years to carve, until it was unveiled.

It is a wonderful figure of David, standing relaxed, his sling over his shoulder, about to face Goliath in battle.

The statue was to have adorned the facade of the Cathedral of Florence, which commissioned it, but Michelangelo and the grand council of the new Florentine republic have placed it instead at the main entrance to the Palazzo Vecchio, the seat of the city’s government, where its message is clear.

V-2 Hurls Terror at London

V 2 hurls terror at London on September 08
V 2 hurls terror at London

1944 A new German terror weapon struck at London today, adding to the havoc caused by the swarms of V-1 flying bombs thrown at the city since June.

The 400-mph (644 kph) V-1 falls after the engine stops – “If you can still hear it, you’re safe,” the saying goes.

But the new V-2 weapon, a long-range rocket carrying a ton of high-explosive, travels faster than sound and plunges out of the sky without warning.

The first of them hit Chiswick today with a blast heard for miles, and killed three people.

The rockets can be fired from anywhere.

Up to 150 V-1s a day have hit London and thousands have been killed.

For the second time in the war, London’s children have been evacuated.

The Germans are thought to have fewer V-2s, but their sudden devastation vastly increases the unnerving effect of the terror campaign.

Italy's White Flag

1943 Italy has surrendered to the Allies, according to an announcement today by US commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Marshal Pietro Badoglio, Italian prime minister since the Fascist dictator Mussolini’s fall in July, signed the surrender at a secret meeting four days ago.

Mussolini’s power faltered when the Allies invaded Sicily, and King Victor Emmanuel deposed him.

The Allies landed in Italy opposite Messina last week and further landings are underway.

Eisenhower today appealed to Italians to oppose the German forces.

Meanwhile Mussolini is believed to be in prison somewhere in Italy.

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