September 09 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 09.

September 09

Events on September 09

1513 King James IV, King of Scotland, dies at the Battle of Flodden Field, defeated by English troops.

1583 English explorer Sir Humphrey Gilbert drowns on his return voyage to England together with the entire crew of the frigate Squirrel, which sank off the Azores.

1835 The British Municipal Corporations Act reforms urban government, bringing about a system of local government.

1911 The first airmail service in Britain begins, operating between Hendon and Windsor.

1948 North Korea proclaims its independence.

1963 27-year-old Jim Clark from Scotland is the world’s youngest motor racing champion, driving Colin Campbell’s Lotus.

1971 British reporter Geoffrey Jackson is released after eight months by the Tupamaros, his kidnappers in Uruguay.

1978 18-year-old Czech tennis player Martina Navratilova defects to the West and asks the US for political asylum.

Famous Birthdays on September 09

Cardinal de Richelieu 1585, French statesman and chief minister to Louis XIII from 1624, who crushed all opposition to the monarchy.

Bharatendu Harishchandra 1850, Indian poet and playwright commonly referred to as the “Father of Modern Hindi”.

Max Reinhardt Goldman 1873, Austrian theatre and film director of great influence.

Cesare Pavese 1908, Italian poet and novelist who was imprisoned for his anti-fascist views in 1935.

Chaim Topol 1935, Israeli actor of stage and screen who won an Oscar for the film version of Fiddler on the Roof.

Otis Redding 1941, American singer and songwriter.

Hugh Grant 1960, English actor famous for his performances in Four Weddings and a Funeral and Bridget Jones’s Diary.

Quotes from Legend

Mao always wanted to tour America.

- Edgar Snow, US journalist and chronicler of communist China, 1979.

Historical News on September 09

Race Stirs Riots In London

Race stirs riots in London on September 09
Race stirs riots in London

1958 Notting Hill in north London has been torn by three nights of race riots, with serious injuries and more than 150 arrests.

The fighting was provoked by whites – police say extreme right-wing activists were at work.

It started when white youths beat up five blacks, leading to petrol bombings and street battles between gangs of up to 2000.

Meanwhile in Nottingham a television director was accused of starting a race riot by reconstructing a previous clash between black and white youths.

The mock fight exploded into battle.

A magistrate today jailed five rioters – and condemned the media.

Chairman Unseated

1976 Mao Tse-tung died after a series of strokes.

He was 82.

Chairman Mao was revered by 800 million Chinese whose lives he changed forever.

In 1949 Mao’s Communist guerrilla army overthrew Chiang Kai-shek’s US- backed Nationalists and established the People’s Republic of China.

Mao, the “Great Helmsman”, charted the way forward, and today China’s “starving millions” are history: the Chinese are universally fed, housed, educated, employed and kept healthy, there is little crime, and not nearly as much oppression as westerners believe.

Political ferment continued, but then Mao saw revolution as an ongoing process.

The Violent Side of Norman Wisdom

1087 William the Conqueror has died.

As Duke of Normandy William conquered England in 1066 and took the throne as William I.

The Norman king brought stability in a time of turmoil, but at great cost to the English: all land became Norman property and the English serfs were reduced to slavery.

Early rebellions were harshly dealt with – William devastated Yorkshire.

By law, poachers had their eyes gouged out; the Norfolk rebels of 1075 had their right feet cut off. Earlier this year the French king sneered at the ageing William because he’d grown so fat.

William declared war and besieged Mantes.

Riding out to view the burning town, his horse trod on an ember and threw him off.

Today, six weeks later, the Conqueror died of his injuries near Rouen.

He was buried by a French knight in Caen and will be succeeded by his greedy, obnoxious second son, William Rufus.

Israeli Whizkid Hacked Pentagon Secrets

1991 While Israelis sheltered from attacks by Iraqi Scud missiles during the Gulf War, a teenage computer wizard hacked into the Pentagon computers to find out how the top-secret Patriot antimissiles protecting Israel worked.

When he tired of browsing military secrets he turned to the Visa credit card computer, finding his way into the customer files.

He provided details to an international network of teenage hackers, who promptly went on a spending spree at Visa’s expense.

Six of them were arrested in the US and Canada, and named 18-year-old Deri Schriebman of Israel as the source.

Today he showed awed detectives how he did it, as well as how to make free long-distance telephone calls.

“He’s the most talented hacker we’ve ever seen,” the police experts said.

India's First Printed Banknotes

India's first printed banknotes on September 09
India's first printed banknotes

1812 Along with the Bank of Madras and the Bank of Bombay, the Bank of Bengal is one of the three Presidency Banks operating within the country.

While it started as the Bank of Calcutta, the Bank of Bengal was officially renamed on June 2, 1809 when it received its first Royal Charter incorporating it as the Bank of Bengal.

Today, it is the first confirmed banknote, which was of 250 Sicea Rupees.

These notes pay an interest of 10-12 per cent a year, and are expected to be a profitable investment.

The notes will be printed by Perkins.

Heath & Co. in England.

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