September 10 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 10.

September 10

Events on September 10

1894 London taxi driver George Smith is the first person to be convicted for drunken driving while in charge of an electric cab. He is fined 20s (£1/$1.80).

1919 The allies sign the Treaty of Saint Germain with Austria at the Paris Peace conference.

1945 Nazi collaborator Vidkun Quisling, premier of Norway during World War Two, is sentenced to death.

1952 West Germany offers Israel £293 million ($540 million) in compensation for Nazi atrocities.

1956 Record shops are inundated with requests for “Love Me Tender” following Elvis Presley’s first appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show on American television on September 9.

1962 Australian Rod Laver completes the Grand Slam after winning the US Tennis Championships.

1965 Yale University publishes a map showing that the Vikings discovered America in the 11th century.

1979 The Lancaster House conference on the future of Rhodesia opens.

1983 Death of Balthazar Johannes Vorster, former prime minister of South Africa who was interned during World War Two as a pro-Nazi leader.

Famous Birthdays on September 10

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo 1727, Italian rococo painter and engraver best known for his church frescoes.

Sir John Soane 1753, English neo-classical architect who is noted for the Bank of England in London and many country homes.

Mungo Park 1771, Scottish surgeon who explored the true course of the River Niger in Africa.

Robert Wise 1914, American film director whose productions include West Side Story.

Arnold Palmer 1929, American golfer, champion of four US Masters, two British Opens and the US and Spanish Opens.

Quotes from Legend

It would have been better if the experiment had been conducted in some small country to make it clear that it was a Utopian idea, although a beautiful idea.

- Boris Yeltsin, Russian President, on communism, Newsweek, 1991.

Quotes from Legend

I want to be the white man’s brother, not his brother-in-law.

- Martin Luther King Jr., black US civil rights leader, 1962.

Historical News on September 10

Picasso's Picture of Pain Comes Home to Spain

Picasso's picture of pain comes home to Spain on September 10
Picasso's picture of pain comes home to Spain

1981 Guernica, Pablo Picasso’s picture of pain, returned to Spain today after four decades in exile in New York.

Guernica is Picasso’s vision of the appalling destruction of the Basque capital by German bombers in 1937 during the Spanish civil war.

The Spanish artist painted it at once, and later that year it was defiantly exhibited in Paris to counter a Nazi exhibition in Germany of Expressionist painters, titled “Degenerate Art”.

In 1940 Picasso sent the painting to New York for safekeeping during the war, and later refused to allow it to be shown in Spain until General Franco’s Fascist rule ended and democracy was restored.

Picasso died in 1973, before that happened. Today his masterpiece took its rightful place in the Prado Museum in Madrid, a memorial to both artist and subject for free Spain to treasure.

Guernica’s wailing mother with the dead child, the crawling woman, the screaming horse, all are shorn of all abilities but one, the ability to suffer pain.

The most famous painting of the century, for millions Guernica condemns all war.

East Germans Stream West

1989 East German refugees flooded through Austria to West Germany today as Hungary lifted restrictions on its border with the West.

The Hungarians started to dismantle the barbed wire “Iron Curtain” on their Austrian border in May, and East Germans saw it as an avenue to freedom, sidestepping the hated Berlin Wall.

Allowed to travel within the communist bloc, more than 50,000 went “on holiday” through Czechoslovakia to Hungary, where many have been waiting in refugee camps.

Abandoning the deadlocked negotiations with East and West Germany, Hungary today opened its borders to all East German citizens, The East German government has condemned Hungary’s “treachery”.

Congress Backs Mahatma Gandhi

1920 The Indian National Congress voted today to adopt Mahatma Gandhi’s campaign of non- cooperation with the British colonial government.

“Non-cooperation is our only weapon,” he said, and promised the campaign would lead to victory within a year.

He has managed to unite the rival Hindu and Muslim parties in protest.

Wham Slam Danke Mam

Wham Slam Danke Mam on September 10
Wham Slam Danke Mam

1988 Steffi Graf, the 19-year-old West German tennis star, was today the third woman in history to win the Grand Slam – the Australian, French, Wimbledon and US open singles titles in the same year.

Graf beat Gabriela Sabatini 6-3, 3-6, 6-1 to win the US Open.

Last year she won 11 of her 13 tournaments, 75 of 77 matches and the French Open.

This year she lost only one set in the entire Grand Slam – the second set against Sabatini today.

Bungle Warfare at Sevastopol

1855 The Russian Black Sea naval base of Sevastopol finally fell to the British and French armies today after an 11-month siege.

The campaign was fraught with bungles on both sides.

The Allies could not even decide where to fight the war.

When their armies eventually arrived at Sevastopol the Russians had not built proper defences and the Allies could have captured the fortress without a siege.

But the British and French commanders argued over tactics and the opportunity was lost.

The long siege took a high toll.

British troops suffered the winter without proper cover, and more soldiers died of disease than bullets.

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