September 12 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 12.

September 12

Events on September 12

1733 Death of French musician François Couperin, who taught and composed for the harpsichord.

1878 Cleopatra’s Needle, the obelisk of Thothimes III, is erected on London’s Thames Embankment.

1910 The world’s first policewoman is appointed by the Los Angeles Police Department: Mrs Alice Stebbin Wells was a social worker in her previous career.

1935 American millionaire Howard Hughes achieves an aviation record, flying an aeroplane of his own design at 352.46 mph (564 kph).

1936 British tennis champion Fred Perry beats Donald Budge in the final of the US Tennis championships to become the first non-American winner.

1953 Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

1974 Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by a military coup.

1987 American jockey Steve Cauthen wins the St Leger on Reference Point, setting a new record for trainer Henry Cecil of 147 wins in a season.

2005 Israel completes its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip after 38 years of occupation.

Famous Birthdays on September 12

Herbert Henry Asquith 1852, British Liberal prime minister who introduced the old age pension.

Louis MacNeice 1907, Irish poet, playwright and broadcaster who belonged to the group of poets known as the Oxford Group together with Auden, Day Lewis and Spender.

Jesse Owens 1913, American track and field athlete who won four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics in 1936.

Hans Zimmer 1957, Oscar Winning German film score composer who has worked on classics such as Gladiator, The Lion King and Thelma & Louise.

Quotes from Legend

The most potent weapon in the hands of the aggressor is the mind of the oppressed.

- Steve Biko, founder of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement, 1971.

Historical News on September 12

Police Brutalize Biko

Polic brutalize Biko on September 12
Polic brutalize Biko

1977 The South African Black Consciousness activist Steve Biko died after six days in police detention.

There is little doubt that he was beaten to death and the news has sparked international outrage.

Biko, 30, is the latest in a long line of deaths in custody.

He was detained under Emergency powers in Port Elizabeth and interrogated for five days.

Guards found him unconscious in his cell yesterday, foaming at the mouth, and he was then driven 750 miles (1207 km) to Pretoria, naked and handcuffed, to die in a prison hospital.

Relief Waltzes in to Save Vienna

1683 The two-month siege of Vienna ended today when the Turkish Ottoman army surrounding the city was routed by a European relief force.

Grand vizier Kara Mustafa had led his army on a feint into Hungary and then turned towards Vienna, long the main Christian bastion against Muslim Ottoman expansion.

Vienna’s cannon kept the Turks at bay, but the city was weakening when Poland’s King John III and Charles, Duke of Normandy’s relief expedition arrived.

Poor tactics cost Mustafa the battle, opening the way for a Christian attack on the Ottoman empire.

The Sultan has ordered Kara Mustafa to commit suicide.

Fortune Runs Out For American Changer

1860 William Walker, American filibuster and ex-President of Nicaragua, was shot today by a firing squad in Honduras.

Walker, 36, a failed lawyer turned soldier of fortune, landed in Honduras last month on yet another military escapade, but he was captured by government forces, court-martialed and sentenced to death.

Three years ago, backed by Cornelius Vanderbilt and other US businessmen, Walker took advantage of a civil war in Nicaragua to seize control with a force of only 250 men.

He set himself up as dictator and won US recognition, but he argued with his business backers, who had him overthrown and expelled after only a year in power.

Today Walker’s dreams of heading a united Central America ended.

Kennedy - Bouvier: the Dream Ticket

Kennedy Bouvier the dream ticket on September 12
Kennedy Bouvier the dream ticket

1953 America’s most eligible couple were wed in Newport, Rhode Island, today.

Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy married the Washington Times-Herald photo- journalist Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, and you had to be somebody to be there – thousands were turned away from the wedding party.

Rising star Kennedy, a Democrat and a Roman Catholic, defeated Henry Cabot Lodge to take the Massachusetts seat in the major upset of last year’s elections.

His father is the financier Joe Kennedy, former US ambassador to Britain.

John shone at Harvard, was a Navy hero in the Pacific war and a Boston congressman for six years.

Younger brother Robert, a Washington lawyer, ran his brilliant election campaign last year.

A third brother, Edward, is in the armed forces, hoping to redeem himself after being caught cheating at Harvard.

Tragedy has dogged the family: the eldest son, Joseph, was killed in the war, and the eldest daughter, Kathleen, died in an air crash five years ago.

Hijackers Blow up Three Jets

1970 Palestinian hijackers holding three Western airliners and more than 300 passengers hostage at a desert airfield in Jordan blew up the three aircrafts today.

The terrorists freed 250 hostages before destroying the jets but are still holding another 56 passengers and reiterating their demands for the release of Palestinian prisoners.

The drama began on Monday when the terrorists seized a PanAmerican Jumbo, a Swissair DC8 and a TWA Boeing 707 in Europe, forcing the Jumbo to fly to Cairo and the other two to Jordan.

The negotiations continue.

Leave a Reply