September 13 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 13.

September 13

Events on September 13

1592 Death of Michel de Montaigne, French essayist and diarist.

1788 New York became the federal capital of the United States.

1806 English statesman Charles James Fox is taken ill and dies at home in London, just as he was about to introduce a bill abolishing slavery.

1907 The British liner Lusitania arrives in New York at the end of her maiden voyage, having made the journey in a record five days, averaging 23 knots.

1955 Little Richard recorded a sanitized version of “Tutti Frutti” in Los Angeles.

1957 The 1998th performance of The Mousetrap makes it Britain’s longest-running play.

1970 in Mexico for the World Cup, England football captain Bobby Moore is accused of stealing a diamond bracelet from a shop.

1989 A British banking computer error gives customers £2 billion ($3.7 billion) in just half an hour.

Famous Birthdays on September 13

Milton Snavely Hershey 1857, American chocolate manufacturer who built the world’s largest chocolate factory to make his Hershey Bars and established the Hershey Foundation, in which his wealth was used for educational purposes.

John Pershing 1860, American general who commanded the US Expeditionary force in Europe in World War I.

Roald Dahl 1916, British author who wrote children’s books, macabre tales for adults and the screenplay for the film Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.

Michael Johnson 1967, American runner famous for his upright style, who won double Olympic gold in Atlanta 1996.

Stella McCartney 1971, English fashion designer. Daughter of the former Beatle Paul and photographer Linda.

Quotes from Legend

People think we do not understand our black and coloured countrymen. But there is a special relationship between us.

- Elize Botha, wife of South African President P.W. Botha, 1988.

Quotes from Legend

I would rather have written those lines (Gray's Elegy) than take Quebec.

- James Wolfe, the night before the storming of Quebec, 1759.

Historical News on September 13

Philip's Golden Reign Tarnished

Philip's Golden reign tarnished on September 13
Philip's Golden reign tarnished

1598 The world’s most powerful ruler, the Habsburg king Philip II of Spain, died today at 71.

His 40-year reign was a golden age for Spain, funded by the conquistadors’ plunder of Latin America – and squandered in a succession of wars in Europe.

Following the crushing defeat of Spain’s “invincible Armada” by the English 10 years ago. beset by the Dutch revolt and the struggle with the Turks in the east, Philip’s vast empire is close to economic ruin.

Philip was a devout Roman Catholic and an austere but just ruler, well loved by his people.

His fourth wife’s fourth son, Philip III, is now Spain’s new king.

Mystery Crash Leaves Chinese Puzzle Unsolved

1971 Peking is buzzing with speculation today following an official announcement that the man Chairman Mao Tse-tung, named as his successor, People’s Liberation Army chief Lin Piao, has been killed in a plane crash while fleeing to the Soviet Union.

The announcement said Lin had been plotting to assassinate Mao and take power.

Lin was the master tactician whose victory over Chiang Kaishek’s US-backed Nationalists in 1949 made way for communism in China.

He was Mao’s closest ally, and it was only through Lin’s support that Mao was able to quell the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution which had removed Mao’s chief rivals: all except Lin Piao, perhaps. The truth may never be known.

south africa biggest anti apartheid demonstration on September 13
south africa biggest anti apartheid demonstration

1989 South Africa’s biggest antiapartheid demonstration in 30 years took place today in Cape Town.

20,000 people of all races marched to the City Hall in protest against the police killings of 23 protesters during the whites only election last week.

1993 In an historic ceremony on the lawn of the White House, Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yassir Arafat have signed a peace accord after months of secret negotiations.

President Clinton was there to host the ceremony, which was attended by 3,000 dignitaries.

The agreement makes provision for a transition to complete Palestinian autonomy in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.

The accord, however, has many dissenters.

AIDS is Global

1985 The World Health Organization announced in Geneva today that AIDS is now a worldwide epidemic.

While virtually every major drug company has joined the race to find an effective treatment, the WHO is coordinating a global AIDS prevention and education effort.

But many traditional societies that are now affected have strong taboos against the open discussion needed, and even Western societies resist the implications.

Justice for Nirbhaya

2013 Four men have been sentenced to death today for the gang rape and murder of a student in Delhi, India. The 23-year-old woman, dubbed Nirbhaya (meaning “fearless”), was attacked and violently raped by six men on a bus in December 2012 and died two weeks later.

It was a case which led to violent protests across India and amendments to the laws against rape in India.

Throughout the day the crowd built up steadily outside the court.

Unprecedented security was put in place with the road to the court barricaded luy police.

Inside, riot police took up position as the lawyers were escorted in.

Mukesh Singh, Vinay Sharma, Akshay Thakur and Pawan Gupta were found guilty on all counts.

Judge Yogesh Khanna, rejecting pleas for a lighter sentence, said the case fell in the “rarest of rare category”.

On August 31, 2013, The lifth assailant, a juvenile whose name has not been revealed, was convicted of rape and murder under the Juvenile Justice Act and was given the maximum sentence of three years of imprisonment in a reform facility, which included the eight months he spent behind bars during his trial.

The sixth assailant, Ram Singh, was found hanging from a ventilator shaft in his cell at about 5.45 A.M. on March 11.2013.

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