September 16 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 16.

September 16

Events on September 16

1498 Death of Tomas de Torquemada, principal architect of the Spanish Inquisition.

1824 Death of King Louis XVIII of France, whose attempts to be a moderate constitutional monarch were thwarted by the ultra-royalists.

1908 In the USA, Buick and Oldsmobile merged under the name General Motors.

1953 The wife of former British Foreign Office official and Soviet spy Donald Maclean disappears, two years after her husband fled to Russia with Guy Burgess.

1959 Charles de Gaulle, French President of the new Fifth Republic and former head of the committee of National Liberation in Algiers, offers Algeria a referendum on independence.

1963 Malaysia becomes independent and a mob of more than 1,00,000 burns down the British Embassy in celebration.

1977 Lead singer of T-Rex, Marc Bolan, dies in a car crash in London, aged 29.

2010 Pope Benedict XVI begins the first papal visit to Britain since Henry VIII’s split with Rome.

Famous Birthdays on September 16

Henry V 1387, English king who defeated the French at Agincourt.

John Gay 1685, English poet and playwright famed for The Beggar’s Opera.

Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi 1916, the first Indian musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna and the Ramon Magsaysay award, Asia’s highest civilian award, in 1974.

Lauren Bacall 1924, American actress who made her debut in To Have and Have Not opposite her future husband Humphrey Bogart.

Charlie Byrd 1925, American jazz guitarist, perhaps best known for the bossa nova album he recorded with Stan Getz.

B.B. King 1925, American blues guitarist and inspiration of a whole generation of rock musicians.

Historical News on September 16

Pilgrims Seek Freedom In New World

Pilgrims seek freedom in New World on September 16
Pilgrims seek freedom in New World

1620 A group of Puritan separatists set sail from Plymouth today in the Mayflower, bound for the New World and religious freedom.

The group, most of them uneducated farmers, fled to Holland in 1608 to escape King Charles I’s religious oppression.

They settled in Leyden, free to follow their beliefs, but they were poor, and could not adapt to Dutch society.

Church elder William Brewster went to London and found a sponsor for the voyage to America in Sir Edwin Sandys, treasurer of the Virginia Company.

Sandys arranged a plantation grant and financing through London merchants hoping to profit from the venture.

Another elder, John Carver, chartered the 180-ton Mayflower at Southampton.

Brewster and William Bradford sailed from Leyden for Southampton with 35 other “Pilgrims” in the Speedwell, and the two ships set off twice before they abandoned the leaking Speedwell the third time and crowded onto the Mayflower, which sailed today with 102 passengers.

1992 Today Britain withdrew from the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), despite vigorous assertions by the Conservative government of the importance of membership to its anti-inflation strategy.

The market’s doubts about the credibility of the ERM have at last overwhelmed the Treasury.

Treaty To Save The Ozone Layer

1987 70 countries signed an agreement in Montreal today to curb the threat from industrial gases to the ozone layer.

The upper atmosphere’s layer of ozone, a form of oxygen, absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun that would harm all life if it reached the Earth’s surface.

Three years ago a seasonal “hole” in the layer was discovered over Antarctica, thought to be caused by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), gases used in aerosols and as refrigerants.

CFC use will be frozen at current levels and reduced by half within 12 years.

Dutch Take Cape War Inland

1795 After a three-month standoff, an English fleet carrying a 4000-man army took the Cape Colony from the Dutch today with hardly a shot fired.

Dutch Governor Sluysken’s troops simply fled when the British landed at Muizenberg.

A disgusted Sluysken managed to negotiate a truce, but soon afterwards he received a declaration of war from rebel colonists in the interior who had thrown out the Dutch officials and set up a republic.

In despair he capitulated to the British.

The English fleet arrived in June to protect the colony against France, but Sluysken held off the invaders with prolonged negotiations and sheer bluff – until today.

Priest Uses Pulpit To Preach Revolution

1810 A rural Mexican priest ended his Sunday sermon today with the fiery war-cry: “Death to the Spaniards!” and set a revolution in motion.

Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the pastor of Dolores, is now leading a ragged army of more than 10,000 Indians and peasants against the Spanish colonial government.

Hidalgo’s academic career ended when his liberal attitudes enraged both the government and the Inquisition.

He was sent to the provinces, where he continued to champion the oppressed.

His plans to overthrow the Spaniards were discovered, forcing him to act today.

1991 A man attacked Michelangelo’s David with a hammer today, breaking off the second toe of the marble statue’s left foot.

The 13-ft (4-m) sculpture is one of the great masterpieces of Renaissance art.

The attacker later told the Florence police he was merely following instructions from “Nani”, a Venetian model who sat for Veronese in the 16th century.

The museum director said the pieces had all been saved and the toe would be repaired.

Nikita Krushchev September 16
Nikita Krushchev

1959 Soviet premier Nikita Krushchev, on a US tour, exploded in rage tonight during a banquet given in his honour by the City of Los Angeles.

He took exception to Mayor Norris Poulson’s speech and threatened to fly home.

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