September 18 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 18.

September 18

Events on September 18

96 CE Roman Emperor Domitian is murdered by assassins in the pay of his wife, Domitilla.

1759 French forces at Quebec surrender to the British.

1851 The first edition of The New York Times was published.

1914 The Irish Home Rule Bill is given Royal Assent.

1934 Britain hears Lord Haw-Haw (Irishman William Joyce) make a Nazi propaganda broadcast.

1955 Four years after they fled to Russia, the British government admits Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess really were Soviet spies.

1961 UN chief Dag Hammarskjöld dies when a DC-6 plane carrying 130 other passengers crashes in the jungle in Northern Rhodesia Рsabotage is suspected.

1967 Death of Sir John Cockroft, English nuclear physicist who first split the atom.

1981 Under President Mitterand, France abolishes the guillotine.

1988 The military seized power in Burma.

Famous Birthdays on September 18

Samuel Johnson 1709, English lexicographer and celebrated conversationalist whose Dictionary was used as the authoritative reference book for more than a century.

Greta Garbo 1905, Swedishborn Hollywood film legend who remained in the public consciousness decades after she stopped making films in 1941.

Kwarne Nkrumah 1909, Ghanaian prime minister and then President from independence in 1957 until a military coup in 1966 sent him to exile in Guinea.

Lance Armstrong 1971, American cyclist who won the Tour de France seven consecutive times from 1999, after surviving cancer for which he now raises awareness and support.

Shabana Azmi 1950, Indian film and theatre actress who is married to Indian poet and screenwriter Javed Akhtar.

Quotes from Legendary

What dreadful hot weather we have! It keeps me in a continual state of inelegance.

- Jane Austen, British novelist, in a letter, 1796.

Historical News on September 18

No Help For Desperate Hendrix

No help for desperate hendrix on September 18
No help for desperate hendrix

1970 Early this morning rock superstar Jimi Hendrix called his ex-manager Chas Chandler from his girlfriend’s flat in London’s Ladbroke Grove, but Chandler wasn’t home.

Hendrix left a message on Chandler’s answering machine: “I need help bad.”

But no help came, and Hendrix was pronounced dead on arrival at St Mary’s Hospital at 11.45 am, killed by an accidental overdose of sleeping pills.

He was only 27.

Jimi Hendrix is probably the most powerful thing that ever happened to the guitar- a rock ‘n’ roll genius with a solid background in the blues, and an outrageously sexy stage act.

He was the highest-paid act at Woodstock Festival last year and the star of the Isle of Wight Festival last month.

But he has been beleaguered by lawsuits over royalties and contracts, squabbling managers and bands that broke up around him.

He ended a troubled tour in Denmark four days ago, leaving the stage in mid-performance with the fateful words: “I’ve been dead for a long time.”

Hearst: Jail Not Bail

1975 A San Francisco court today refused 21-year-old newspaper heiress Patty Hearst bail on bank robbery charges.

Hearst, the granddaughter of “yellow press” millionaire William Randolph Hearst, was kidnapped last February by a radical terrorist group, the Symbionese Liberation Army.

Ten weeks later she was filmed on closed circuit television with other Symbionese Liberation Army members robbing a San Francisco bank, gun in hand.

She was captured by the FBI this week after a 20-month hunt.

Tsar's Pm Gunned Down

Tsar's PM gunned down on September 18
Tsar's PM gunned down

1911 Russian premier Pyotr Stolypin died today after being shot down at the opera in Kiev last week by a police double agent.

Emperor Nicholas II and his daughters saw the shooting from the royal box.

It took a true statesman to hold down Stolypin’s job in the turmoil of today’s Russia, and he held it for six years.

His predecessor only lasted a year.

Stolypin even achieved something with his reforms, but his tactics were ruthless – he crushed dissent and simply ignored the constitution.

Faced with a reluctant Tsar Nicholas, reactionary civil servants and the socialists in the Duma legislative assembly, nothing short of ruthlessness would have worked; but it won him few friends.

Recently he fell out with the Tsar, his council of ministers and the Duma simultaneously.

Now he has been removed.

Nile Explorer Shoots Himself

1864 English explorer John Hanning Speke shot himself in a tragic accident this morning, and died soon afterwards.

He was 37.

Speke discovered the source of the River Nile six years ago at the huge African lake he named after Queen Victoria. Last year he tracked the Nile even further south to the Kagera River, which he said was the true source of the Nile.

But his claim has been disputed by Sir Richard Burton, with whom he explored East Africa.

Burton led their expedition from the coast to Lake Tanganyika but fell ill with malaria, and Speke travelled on without him to discover Lake Victoria.

Today the two adventurers were to meet in public debate to settle their argument over the Nile.

Sadat Peace Agreement With Israel Arouses Arab Wrath

1978 President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin reached a peace agreement today.

Meeting at Camp David in the US under President Jimmy Carter’s sponsorship, they agreed that Israel will withdraw from the Sinai (but not yet from the other occupied territories of Gaza and the West Bank), and Egypt will establish normal relations with Israel.

The agreement is the culmination of Sadat’s peace mission to Jerusalem last year.

But it has appalled Israeli hard-liners, and Sadat’s Arab allies regard him as a traitor.

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