September 21 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 21.

September 21

Events on September 21

1745 The Battle of Prestonpans in Scotland is won by Bonnie Prince Charlie and his Jacobite army, defeating the English.

1792 France abolishes the monarchy.

1857 British forces retake Delhi from Indian mutineers.

1903 The first recorded Western film opens in the US, titled Kit Carson – it is 21 minutes long.

1944 US general Douglas MacArthur returns to the Philippines, attacking the Japanese near Manila.

1989 Divorcee Mary Sue Davis is awarded by a Tennessee judge temporary custody of seven frozen embryos which had been fertilized by her former husband, who had complained that he did not want to become a father against his will.

1993 Russian President Boris Yeltsin dissolves the Russian Parliament pending elections to a new legislative body.

Famous Birthdays on September 21

John London MacAdam 1756, Scottish engineer and inventor of the macadam road surface.

H.G. Wells 1866, English author who pioneered science fiction when he wrote The Time Machine, his first work.

Gustav Holst 1874, British composer and teacher whose best-known work, The Planets, is also one of the most popular orchestral suites with audiences.

Sir Allen Lane 1902, English publisher who founded Penguin Books and brought about the paperback revolution.

Larry Hagman 1931, American actor and director best known for his role as mean oil tycoon JR Ewing in the TV serial Dallas.

Leonard Cohen 1934, Canadian poet and singer whose gloomy songs, which include “Suzanne” and “That’s No Way to Say Goodbye”, and growling delivery won him a cult following in the 1960s and 70s.

Kareena Kapoor 1980, Indian film actress who made her debut in the war drama Refugee.

Quotes from Legendary

My God! This is a wonderful land and a faithless one; for she has exiled, slain, destroyed and ruined so many Kings, so many rulers, so many great men, and she is always diseased and suffering from differences, quarrels and hatred between her people.

- Richard II, King of England, imprisoned in the Tower of London, 1399.

Historical News on September 21

Hurricane Hugo in a Huff

Hurricane Hugo in a huff on September 21
Hurricane Hugo in a huff

1989 Hurricane Hugo, the worst storm this decade, hit the US coast last night and left widespread destruction in South Carolina and Georgia.

Charleston is badly damaged. Hugo’s 140-mph (225-kph) winds swept through the Caribbean, leaving death and chaos in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and the Virgin Islands – where riots and looting followed the storm.

Whole towns are wrecked and many have been killed and injured.

Scott Burns Out As Debts Pile Up

1832 Sir Walter Scott, the most popular writer in the world, died in Edinburgh, his health ruined by overwork as he struggled to pay off his debts.

He was 61.

His novels had made Scott a wealthy man with a large home in the country, but six years ago a printing firm he had an interest in went bankrupt and Scott took on the debt.

He worked ceaselessly, producing a large number of novels, and managed to clear his name.

Last year, exhausted, he went on a Mediterranean cruise, but it tired him even more.

He never recovered.

Scott, a barrister and a poet, wrote his first novel in 1814, a historical romance called Waverley, Published anonymously, it was immensely popular.

The Waverley series followed – ever popular with today’s fast-growing reading public.

1915 Stonehenge was sold today for £6,600 ($12,210), bought with the surrounding fields by a local farmer.

The finest and most elaborate of Europe’s prehistoric megaliths, the concentric circles of standing stones are a powerful mystery.

The antiquarian William Stukeley said 150 years ago Stonehenge was a Druid temple, but it is now known that it was already ancient when the Druids arrived in England and dates back to before Christ.

In 1136 Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote that the stones had magical healing powers.

How they were transported also remains a mystery.

Queen Beats King In Poker Game

Queen beats king in poker game on September 21
Queen beats king in poker game

1327 England’s King Edward II was murdered in prison.

Fearful shrieks from the dungeons broke the silence in Berkeley Castle in the early hours today, and this morning the citizens of Bristol were called to look at the horribly distorted face of the dead king.

It is believed he was killed with a red hot poker.

Many think Edward’s queen, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger de Mortimer plotted the murder to ensure the succession of the King’s son, 15-year-old Edward – under Isabella’s regency.

Edward II was a weak and foolish king whose lavish treatment of his favourites constantly raised the ire of England’s nobles.

Two years ago Isabella met Mortimer in France and fell in love with him.

The couple raised a mercenary army and invaded England.

The disaffected English barons sided with Isabella, and eight months ago Edward was deposed.

Where Temperature Rises As Nations Bicker?

1991 The latest round in the negotiations to hammer out an international treaty on climate change and greenhouse gases ended in deadlock in Nairobi today, blocked by the US refusal to set targets for reducing carbon dioxide output.

Europe pushed for targets, having agreed last December to stabilize its CO2 output at 1990 levels by the year 2000 – but in Brussels that agreement is breaking down into further arguments about output levels.

Japan wants promises without targets.

Meanwhile a billion tons of carbon dioxide poured into the atmosphere during the two weeks of talks, mostly from the industrial countries.

CO2 levels are higher than ever before and are reliably predicted to force up global temperatures at unprecedented rates, with catastrophic effect.

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