To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 22.
Events on September 22
Famous Birthdays on September 22
Quotes from Legendary
I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.
- Nathan Hale, hero of the American Revolution, in a speech before being hanged by the British as a spy, 1776.
Historical News on September 22
Outrage in Nz as France Admits To Rainbow Bombs
1985 French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius today admitted that the Rainbow Warrior was sunk by French agents.
A crew member was killed when the Greenpeace ship was rocked by two explosions in Auckland Harbour, New Zealand, on July 10. She had been due to lead a flotilla of peace ships into the French nuclear test zone at Mururoa Atoll in French Polynesia in a protest action.
The incident brought international condemnation.
The French defence minister has resigned amid a storm of protest and demands for the head of the secret service to be sacked.
In New Zealand, Labour PM David Lange’s anti-nuclear stance has gained wide support from the public indignation at the French action.
Poland's Workers Found Solidarity Union
1980 Polish workers today exercised the new freedom they have wrested from the Communist government and formed an independent labor union.
The new Solidarity union’s leader, electrician Lech Walesa, led the Gdansk inter-factory committee which coordinated the massive shipyard strikes this summer.
The wave of work stoppages forced the government to concede, allowing independent unions, freeing jailed dissidents and lifting press censorship.
Party leader Edward Gierek has now been replaced by security chief Stanislaw Kania.
The Zulu Napoleon
1828 Shaka, King of the Zulus, was murdered today at Dukuza, his capital in Natal, by his half-brothers Dingaan and Mhlangana.
Dingaan has taken the throne. Shaka was a great and terrible king, a military genius who has been compared with Napoleon.
The Zulu were a small clan when Shaka became their chief, but through bloody conquest he welded them into the mightiest nation in Southern Africa.
Shaka abandoned the traditional light throwing spear and adopted a short, broad-bladed stabbing spear for his regiments, along with a tall shield of tough hide.
Ardent disciplined warriors, his troops ran barefoot into battle, the flanks separating to attack from three sides.
None could stand against them.
Shaka’s revered mother, Nandi, died last year, and the grief-stricken king lost his mind.
Thousands of Zulus have been executed for showing insufficient grief – Shaka ordered an entire regiment to march off a cliff to their deaths, and they did so to a man.
Now the bloodbath has ended.
1989 A powerful IRA bomb blasted the Royal Marines School of Music at Deal in Kent, England, this morning, killing 10 bandsmen and injuring 22.
Twelve marines are in hospital.
The IRA admitted responsibility.
Britain is shocked by the attack: the men were musicians, not combatants.
Tunney Survives “Long Count” To Beat Dempsey
1927 World heavyweight champion Gene Tunney won his return bout with ex-champion Jack Dempsey in a sensational fight tonight.
In a furious attack, Dempsey, the “Manassa Mauler”, knocked down Tunney in the seventh round.
Tunney fell – but the referee refused to start the count because Dempsey hadn’t retired to a neutral corner.
Five seconds elapsed before the count began, giving Tunney time to stagger to his feet.
Ringside experts said he’d been down for 13 seconds.
Tunney went on to win.
Dempsey said he’d been robbed of the title and promised to appeal against the decision.
The Chicago fight was the richest ever, with a purse of $2.6 million (£1.4 million).