September 28 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on September 28.

September 28

Events on September 28

1066 Norman invaders land in England.

1868 Rebel generals oust Queen Isabella in Spain.

1891 Death of Herman Melville, American author of Moby Dick.

1895 Death of Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist who developed vaccines for anthrax and rabies.

1964 Death of the harp-playing Harpo, member of the comic team of Marx Brothers.

1975 Dictator General Franco executes five Basque terrorists.

1978 John Paul I is found dead after only 33 days as Pope.

1986 British welterweight boxer Lloyd Honeyghan becomes world champion in just six rounds with American boxer Donald Curry, who was forced to retire with a badly cut eye.

1989 Ferdinand Marcos, ex-President of the Philippines, dies in exile.

Famous Birthdays on September 28

Caravaggio 1573, Italian baroque painter noted for his dramatic canvases.

John “Gentleman” Jackson 1769. An English pugilist who managed to get boxing accepted as a legitimate sport and after his retirement as English boxing champion set up a self-defence school in Bond Street, where his pupils included Lord Byron.

Georges Clemenceau 1841, French prime minister from 1917 to 1920.

Peter Finch 1916, Australian actor of stage and screen whose appearances in the films Sunday, Bloody Sunday and Network, for which he was awarded a posthumous Oscar, won him a new audience.

Lata Mangeshkar 1929, Indian singer who was in the Guinness Book of World Records from 1974 to 1991 for having made the most recordings in the world.

Brigitte Bardot 1934, French actress and international sex symbol who first caused a stir in And God Created Woman.

Quotes from Legendary

The workers have nothing to lose in this revolution but their chains. They have a world to gain. Workers of the world unite!

- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the closing words in The Communist Manifesto, 1848.

Historical News on September 28

1994 The passenger ferry Estonia has sunk in the Baltic Sea, with the loss of 910 of the crew and passengers on board.

2000 In the worst violence since the 1993 peace agreements, riots broke out in the Israeli-occupied territories today, sparked by a visit to Haram-al-Sharif by Ariel Sharon.

Marines Enter Beirut After Lebanese Massacre

Marines enter Beirut after Lebanese massacre on September 28
Marines enter Beirut after Lebanese massacre

1982 US President Ronald Reagan sent marines into Beirut on a peace-keeping mission.

They will be joined by Italian and French contingents, and Reagan said both Syrian and Israeli forces would leave Lebanon.

This follows the massacre of hundreds of Palestinian civilians 10 days ago by Israelibacked Lebanese Christians in the Sabra and Chatila refugee camps in West Beirut.

The massacre was the Christians’ revenge for the assassination four days earlier of Lebanese Christian president-elect Bashir Gemayel, now replaced by his brother, Amin.

On Saturday 3,00,000 Israelis demonstrated against Israeli involvement in the massacres.

International Debut for Marx

1864 A group of socialist radicals in London has formed an International Workingmen’s Association to help unite the world’s workers in revolution.

They are known as the First International, led by German emigré Karl Marx, an economist and with Friedrich Engels) the philosopher of modern revolution.

Marx has branded religion a social evil – “the opium of the people” – and wants private property abolished.

In 1848 he and Engels wrote their Communist Manifesto for a London workers’ organization, stating that all history was the history of class conflict.

The modern capitalist system of production would inevitably drive the proletariat to communist revolution, they said.

Karl Marx has charted a path for today’s “alienated” society to cast off its yoke and achieve unity and abundance through the elimination of greed.

Ptolemy Kills Pompey Caesar Not Impressed

48 BCE The Roman general Pompey the Great was assassinated, stabbed to death as he landed in Egypt on the orders of Egyptian king Ptolemy XIII.

Pompey had sided with the Roman senate against Julius Caesar, who was campaigning in Gaul, but Caesar marched on Rome, forcing Pompey to retreat to Greece with his army.

Caesar followed him, and defeated Pompey at Pharsalus last month.

Pompey fled to Egypt and Ptolemy granted him refuge – and then had him killed, seeking to curry favour with Caesar.

Caesar, however, is furious at the ignoble end of his adversary and to Ptolemy’s dismay is leading an expedition to Egypt.

The young King Ptolemy, who is only 15, is in the middle of a civil war with his 21-year-old sister, Cleopatra.

Axis Leaders Promise Peace

1937 A million people gathered at a floodlit rally in Berlin tonight to hear Nazi leader Adolph Hitler and Italy’s Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini deliver a message of peace.

The Führer and the Duce were speaking at the field of May, scene of last year’s Berlin Olympics.

They announced that the Berlin-Rome Axis was not a threat to other peoples.

Mussolini went on to denounce the League of Nations’ current sanctions against Italy as “criminal”.

The sanctions follow Italy’s invasion and conquest of Abyssinia last year.

Tonight’s message of peace is incompatible with Hitler’s prime objective of lebensraum – more living space for Nazi Germany.

Dirty Tricks Sully Pristine White Sox

Dirty tricks sully pristine white sox on Septmber 28
Dirty tricks sully pristine white sox

1920 Eight members of the Chicago White Sox were indicted today on charges of taking massive bribes to lose last year’s World Series to the Cincinati Reds.

Baseball fans are appalled – the national game is revered as something quite beyond corruption, and the World Series, first played in 1903, is the game’s main celebration, and the biggest event in American sport.

Sports writers are calling the eight players the “Black Sox”.

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